PhD and Postdoc Projects

Below, you can find an overview of all ongoing PhD and Postdoc projects in CEPRI.


PhD Projects
















































This PhD-project analyzes the role of Danish courts in safeguarding substantive public policy (e.g. regarding unlawful gambling or usury) in civil litigation. Part hereof is analyzing the extent to which courts for such purposes has authority to deviate from the principle that the parties to the dispute – and not the judge – has the mandate and responsibility of collecting and presenting the evidence, claims and allegations of the case. In addition, the project will perform comparative studies of different jurisdictions to analyze different models for defining state courts’ authority to safeguard substantive public policy in civil litigation.

PhD student Dan Stausholm Nielsen



This PhD project investigates procuring Nature-based Solutions (NbS) and green infrastructures from legal and economics perspective. The research objective is to analyze procurement and sustainability tools to understand how procuring NbS can fight climate change. Greening the procurement process has been subject of the extensive legal analysis in the last years. However, the analysis has been focused on detecting obstacles and opportunities to translate broadly understood environmental objectives into legal terms. Where this project goes beyond the state of the art is firstly mapping conceptual differences between broadly understood environmental considerations and specific climate mitigation procurement approach. The innovative aspect of this PhD project is to analyze legal and economic tools to address climate change or mitigation through public procurement directly. For example, which elements or strategies can remove carbon and reduce the effects of climate change?
In the hypothesis of the researcher, project Nature-based Solutions - defined as solutions inspired, copied, or supported by nature – can help pursue the climate mitigation objective. This hypothesis will be tested in the PhD project. NbS may differ in kind, infrastructural complexity, and in terms of the climate-related risk, they address. However, among the most evident examples of NbS are the inclusion of green elements in constructions (green walls, green roofs), and inclusions of more simple green elements in the urban landscape (trees, meadows, parks, green side-lanes). The concept of NbS needs to be translated into legal terms and, more specifically, procurement terms. For these reasons, various phases of the procurement process will be analyzed with the NbS in mind. An economic analysis will support the legal research to bring evidence of the measurable elements of sustainability aspects of NbS.

PhD student Federica Muscaritoli





The project analyzes the legal implications of the international legal framework of sustainable development pertaining to maritime law, particularly on maritime commercial contracts. The implementation of sustainability clauses in maritime contracts will substantially impact the implementation of party collaboration. Thus, the project fundamentally evaluates various relevant aspects of contract law, such as the interpretation of sustainability clauses in order to assess their compliance with international green requirements. The project explores the general theory of contract law and the law of obligation by looking through a comparative lens, and further by virtue of considering both civil and common law legal systems and having a doctrinal approach that is also reflecting both private and commercial law perspectives.  

PhD student Vincenzo Battistella Marinucci



The amount of generated data has rapidly increased in recent years along with its potential to be used as input in machine learning algorithms. This offer companies new possibilities to optimise operations and create data-driven products. Therefore, businesses no longer limit themselves to utilising their own data, but also procure data externally. The PhD project investigates this emerging concept of data contracts in a business-to-business context from a comparative contract law perspective. More specifically, the project examines B2B data contracts through a comparative analysis of German, English and Danish law. The comparative approach has been chosen to take into account the inherent cross-border nature of data contracts. Additionally, the project utilises interdisciplinary methods in the form of insights from data science to align legal research with the technological reality.

PhD Student Nine Riis


PostDoc Projects






This project analyzes the legal consequences of voluntary CSR health promotion initiatives in the workplace and their implications for public-private governance, employees’ rights, and employers’ liability. One objective of the research is to examine the overall legal consequences of the transfer of health promotion initiatives from the State to the workplace, as well as employers’ voluntary commitments to health promotion from the perspective of employment law, public health law, and private governance. Another objective of the project is to analyze the legal consequences of workplace health promotion initiatives for employees’ rights to privacy and non-discrimination from a comparative legal perspective.

Postdoc Céline E J L Brassart Olsen



This postdoc project is part of the project ‘Law and private governance for a new understanding of immigrant integration (LUII)’ funded by the Carlsberg Foundation. On the one hand, it contributes to the definition and development of the concept of immigrant integration within the EU and international legal frameworks. On the other hand, it aims at improving the state of play through the promotion of a different paradigm of integration geared towards greater inclusion of immigrants into the host society. To this end, it investigates the role of private governance, and specifically non-state actors such as trade unions, in undertaking integration tasks.

Postdoc Matteo Bottero



This industrial postdoctoral project explores how trust in artificial intelligence (AI), among other new emerging technologies, is a key factor of public acceptance and uptake of the technology. It will be crucial to commercial success of AI producers, and to the development of the tech industry, at both national and European levels. For those reasons, it is also geopolitically vital as the AI technology race rages across the continents. At other levels, AI also disrupts our legal systems, and generates loopholes in our liability regimes (including product liability). Unclear or unfair liability regimes risk severely affecting trust. There could be a way to use the precepts of Trustworthy AI to secure those liability regimes, while simultaneously fostering trust at other levels. The AI act regulation project by the EU Commission goes in that direction by encouraging and framing private governance, which will be more efficient at finding the specific frameworks of implementation required to foster trustworthy AI for clearer liability in each industrial sector.

Industrial Postdoc Léonard Van Rompaey



This project explores the legal aspects at the core of railway operations. The area is highly regulated and presents extraordinary tensions between the national and the transnational; between the public and the private, and not least between a strong historical anchoring and the future. The longstanding connection between the railway and the nation-state has been profoundly influential for the current regulatory status quo. At the same time, a need for transformation towards transnationality is also widely recognised (and reflected at regulatory levels) to win back lost market shares and realise the potential as the future of sustainable transport in itself and in a multimodal context. Despite these pressing matters, the research field presents itself as overall unchartered territory. With the objective to create a much needed foundational understanding from a theoretical and a practical perspective, the project sets out to map complex interrelations between heterogeneous sources of national, regional (EU) and international law. Focus of analysis is inter alia the interplay between private and public actors, the use of the contract, as well as state-driven and market-driven technical, safety and sustainability standards as governance tools. The project departs from Scandinavia as an example.

Postdoc Maria Edith Lindholm Gausdal



The rise of climate change litigation targets both states and private actors across different countries. Shipping industry has so far been spared from climate lawsuits, but is under increased political and legal scrutiny due to its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. The centralized reform of the industry seeks compliance with more climate friendly regulations and will inevitably affect the ways ships are built, adjusted and used. The reform already provokes discussions about the changing landscape of maritime law, new contractual clauses and mechanisms of enforcement. However, the risks of climate change litigation are currently overlooked in the discussion. This project investigates the extent to which shipping companies could face climate change litigation as major users of oil.

Postdoc Max Usynin


This postdoc project is part of the Circular Supply Chains – identifying and allocating legal risks (CirCus) project, funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark. Within the context of the waste and resource crises, there are increasing calls to transition to a circular economy, in which wastes are prevented or, where not possible, waste and resources are reused, recycled, and recovered for the purpose of sustainable development. Many mechanisms exist in law to promote circular economies. This postdoc focuses on one such mechanism: extended producer responsibility, where the producer of a product is responsible for it throughout its life-cycle. The overarching aim of the postdoc is to investigate the legal risks of adopting producer responsibility (including through ownership) and liability within private law and waste law to promote circular economies within the EU context. For this purpose, this research will: (1) assess the current legal risks context of producer responsibility and liability; (2) identify the impact of identified legal risks in relation to circular economy transitions and implementations; and (3) propose recommendations for the use of producer responsibility and liability to stimulate moves towards a circular economy. This project adopts a three-step user-centric, co-productive process to ensure usefulness of any insights to relevant stakeholders: a desk-based scoping review to map legal risks, a survey to triangulate, validate, and expand on the scoping review, and semi-structured interviews to provide insights on the risks and recommendations.

Postdoc Katrien Steenmans










Name Title Image
Arda, Asli Assistant Professor Billede af Arda, Asli
Battistella Marinucci, Vincenzo PhD Fellow Billede af Battistella Marinucci, Vincenzo
Bottero, Matteo Postdoc Billede af Bottero, Matteo
Gausdal, Maria Edith Lindholm Assistant Professor Billede af Gausdal, Maria Edith Lindholm
Meng, Wendy PhD Student Billede af Meng, Wendy
Nielsen, Dan Stausholm PhD Student Billede af Nielsen, Dan Stausholm
Nielsen, Maj Rørdam PhD Student Billede af Nielsen, Maj Rørdam
Steenmans, Katrien Postdoc Billede af Steenmans, Katrien
Usynin, Maxim Assistant Professor - Tenure Track Billede af Usynin, Maxim