Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Standard

Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark. / Motzfeldt, Hanne Marie; Næsborg-Andersen, Ayo.

Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018. ed. / Andres Cernadas Ramos; Ramon Bouzas-Lorenzo. Vol. 2018-October Santiago de Compostella : Academic Conferences Limited, 2018. p. 135-141.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Motzfeldt, HM & Næsborg-Andersen, A 2018, Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark. in AC Ramos & R Bouzas-Lorenzo (eds), Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018. vol. 2018-October, Academic Conferences Limited, Santiago de Compostella, pp. 135-141, 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 25/10/2018.

APA

Motzfeldt, H. M., & Næsborg-Andersen, A. (2018). Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark. In A. C. Ramos, & R. Bouzas-Lorenzo (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018 (Vol. 2018-October, pp. 135-141). Santiago de Compostella: Academic Conferences Limited.

Vancouver

Motzfeldt HM, Næsborg-Andersen A. Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark. In Ramos AC, Bouzas-Lorenzo R, editors, Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018. Vol. 2018-October. Santiago de Compostella: Academic Conferences Limited. 2018. p. 135-141

Author

Motzfeldt, Hanne Marie ; Næsborg-Andersen, Ayo. / Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark. Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018. editor / Andres Cernadas Ramos ; Ramon Bouzas-Lorenzo. Vol. 2018-October Santiago de Compostella : Academic Conferences Limited, 2018. pp. 135-141

Bibtex

@inproceedings{d7d159fcca024525b7c225d3b7f7164e,
title = "Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark",
abstract = "Denmark is far ahead in developing Digital Government. The digital infrastructure is highly developed. Automated decision-making is used on a growing scale within the areas of tax, environmental regulation and welfare. In some narrow and defined areas AI is integrated. This is not without issues, as challenges have emerged. One of these challenges is a loss of insight by the public authorities into the formation of decisions directed at citizens. This is mainly due to the outsourcing of the development and maintenance of the used technologies. As an example, the Minister of Taxation in 2014 reported to the national Parliament that the tax authorities had lost the insight into, as well as the control of, more than 200 systems used within this area of administration. Only the private suppliers of those systems possessed the knowledge necessary to describe and change the functionalities and digital decision-making. Therefore, to a certain extent power of decision-making had – unofficially – been outsourced to private suppliers. This unwanted side effect of digitalisation was, however, counteracted by the Danish Ombudsman in a recent case concerning one of the core Danish digital infrastructure components (the national NemID). In the summer of 2017 the Ombudsman stated that if private companies were to develop and operate such critical digital infrastructure, the explicit acceptance of the democratically legitimised parliament was required. This applies, even though a public procurement procedure has been performed legally correct per the Ombudsman. This paper will focus on this challenges caused by digitalisation of the public sector, the disruption of the allocation of administrative and legislative power in the national constitution. An argument will be developed through an examination of both recent literature as well as case-law from the Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, ultimately resulting in a presentation of the current Danish solution to the challenges described above – which hopefully can inspire and serve as an input to a discussion of the relationship between private suppliers of digital services and public authorities at a European level.",
keywords = "Administrative law, Delegation of powers, Democratic legitimacy, Digital Government, Outsourcing",
author = "Motzfeldt, {Hanne Marie} and Ayo N{\ae}sborg-Andersen",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "2018-October",
pages = "135--141",
editor = "Ramos, {Andres Cernadas} and Ramon Bouzas-Lorenzo",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018",
publisher = "Academic Conferences Limited",
note = "18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018 ; Conference date: 25-10-2018 Through 26-10-2018",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Digitalisation and the (Unintended) illegal outsourcing of legislative and administrative power in Denmark

AU - Motzfeldt, Hanne Marie

AU - Næsborg-Andersen, Ayo

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Denmark is far ahead in developing Digital Government. The digital infrastructure is highly developed. Automated decision-making is used on a growing scale within the areas of tax, environmental regulation and welfare. In some narrow and defined areas AI is integrated. This is not without issues, as challenges have emerged. One of these challenges is a loss of insight by the public authorities into the formation of decisions directed at citizens. This is mainly due to the outsourcing of the development and maintenance of the used technologies. As an example, the Minister of Taxation in 2014 reported to the national Parliament that the tax authorities had lost the insight into, as well as the control of, more than 200 systems used within this area of administration. Only the private suppliers of those systems possessed the knowledge necessary to describe and change the functionalities and digital decision-making. Therefore, to a certain extent power of decision-making had – unofficially – been outsourced to private suppliers. This unwanted side effect of digitalisation was, however, counteracted by the Danish Ombudsman in a recent case concerning one of the core Danish digital infrastructure components (the national NemID). In the summer of 2017 the Ombudsman stated that if private companies were to develop and operate such critical digital infrastructure, the explicit acceptance of the democratically legitimised parliament was required. This applies, even though a public procurement procedure has been performed legally correct per the Ombudsman. This paper will focus on this challenges caused by digitalisation of the public sector, the disruption of the allocation of administrative and legislative power in the national constitution. An argument will be developed through an examination of both recent literature as well as case-law from the Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, ultimately resulting in a presentation of the current Danish solution to the challenges described above – which hopefully can inspire and serve as an input to a discussion of the relationship between private suppliers of digital services and public authorities at a European level.

AB - Denmark is far ahead in developing Digital Government. The digital infrastructure is highly developed. Automated decision-making is used on a growing scale within the areas of tax, environmental regulation and welfare. In some narrow and defined areas AI is integrated. This is not without issues, as challenges have emerged. One of these challenges is a loss of insight by the public authorities into the formation of decisions directed at citizens. This is mainly due to the outsourcing of the development and maintenance of the used technologies. As an example, the Minister of Taxation in 2014 reported to the national Parliament that the tax authorities had lost the insight into, as well as the control of, more than 200 systems used within this area of administration. Only the private suppliers of those systems possessed the knowledge necessary to describe and change the functionalities and digital decision-making. Therefore, to a certain extent power of decision-making had – unofficially – been outsourced to private suppliers. This unwanted side effect of digitalisation was, however, counteracted by the Danish Ombudsman in a recent case concerning one of the core Danish digital infrastructure components (the national NemID). In the summer of 2017 the Ombudsman stated that if private companies were to develop and operate such critical digital infrastructure, the explicit acceptance of the democratically legitimised parliament was required. This applies, even though a public procurement procedure has been performed legally correct per the Ombudsman. This paper will focus on this challenges caused by digitalisation of the public sector, the disruption of the allocation of administrative and legislative power in the national constitution. An argument will be developed through an examination of both recent literature as well as case-law from the Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, ultimately resulting in a presentation of the current Danish solution to the challenges described above – which hopefully can inspire and serve as an input to a discussion of the relationship between private suppliers of digital services and public authorities at a European level.

KW - Administrative law

KW - Delegation of powers

KW - Democratic legitimacy

KW - Digital Government

KW - Outsourcing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059284407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article in proceedings

AN - SCOPUS:85059284407

VL - 2018-October

SP - 135

EP - 141

BT - Proceedings of the European Conference on e-Government, ECEG. 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018

A2 - Ramos, Andres Cernadas

A2 - Bouzas-Lorenzo, Ramon

PB - Academic Conferences Limited

CY - Santiago de Compostella

T2 - 18th European Conference on Digital Government, ECDG 2018

Y2 - 25 October 2018 through 26 October 2018

ER -

ID: 212160810