Urban energy planning in Tartu: [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

Standard

Urban energy planning in Tartu : [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]. / Große, Juliane; Groth, Niels Boje; Fertner, Christian; Tamm, Jaanus; Alev, Kaspar.

EU-FP7 project PLEEC, 2015. 62 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

Harvard

Große, J, Groth, NB, Fertner, C, Tamm, J & Alev, K 2015, Urban energy planning in Tartu: [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]. EU-FP7 project PLEEC.

APA

Große, J., Groth, N. B., Fertner, C., Tamm, J., & Alev, K. (2015). Urban energy planning in Tartu: [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]. EU-FP7 project PLEEC.

Vancouver

Große J, Groth NB, Fertner C, Tamm J, Alev K. Urban energy planning in Tartu: [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]. EU-FP7 project PLEEC, 2015. 62 p.

Author

Große, Juliane ; Groth, Niels Boje ; Fertner, Christian ; Tamm, Jaanus ; Alev, Kaspar. / Urban energy planning in Tartu : [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]. EU-FP7 project PLEEC, 2015. 62 p.

Bibtex

@book{c9ae21586a6e49fd9cfce89330da9eac,
title = "Urban energy planning in Tartu: [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]",
abstract = "The Estonian planning system allots the main responsibilities for planning activities to the local level, whereas the regional level (county) is rather weak. That implies a gap of cooperation on the regional level, leading to dispersed urban development in suburban municipalities and ongoing urban sprawl in the vicinity of Tartu. This development appears contrary to the concept of “low-density urbanised space” as formulated in the National Spatial Plan “Estonia 2030+” (NSP) as the central spatial development concept for Estonia and also to a compact and intensive city development as formulated in the Master Plan of Tartu.Since Tartu has no relevant big industries, the main employers are the municipality and the university, energy related challenges occur from transport and residential (district) heating. The modal split shows big differences between journeys within Tartu and journeys between Tartu and its vicinity. While the first shows a high share of public transport and walking, the latter includes a high share of car use, especially in work related travelling. This is closely related to the issue of ongoing urban sprawl and increasing car ownership. Although the Tartu City Transport Development Plan 2012-2020 points very clearly at the weaknesses in the transport system of Tartu, the plan is not addressing cross-border issues, like e.g. regional commuting.The highest share of emissions is allotted to energy production. In terms of energy sources Estonia is very much dependent on imports like oil and gas and the Estonian electricity production is to more than 90 {\%} based on Estonian oil shale. Thus, efforts towards higher energy efficiency – at least on the national level – are rather driven by ambitions to decrease fuel dependency than merely efficiency objectives. That illustrates the need for a transition of the energy supply and generation system in Estonia from two forces: decreasing fuel dependency and a shift to an increasing use of renewable resources.",
keywords = "Urban planning, Energy, Heating, Transport, urban planning, spatial planning, commuting, strategic planning",
author = "Juliane Gro{\ss}e and Groth, {Niels Boje} and Christian Fertner and Jaanus Tamm and Kaspar Alev",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
publisher = "EU-FP7 project PLEEC",

}

RIS

TY - RPRT

T1 - Urban energy planning in Tartu

T2 - [PLEEC Report D4.2 / Tartu]

AU - Große, Juliane

AU - Groth, Niels Boje

AU - Fertner, Christian

AU - Tamm, Jaanus

AU - Alev, Kaspar

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The Estonian planning system allots the main responsibilities for planning activities to the local level, whereas the regional level (county) is rather weak. That implies a gap of cooperation on the regional level, leading to dispersed urban development in suburban municipalities and ongoing urban sprawl in the vicinity of Tartu. This development appears contrary to the concept of “low-density urbanised space” as formulated in the National Spatial Plan “Estonia 2030+” (NSP) as the central spatial development concept for Estonia and also to a compact and intensive city development as formulated in the Master Plan of Tartu.Since Tartu has no relevant big industries, the main employers are the municipality and the university, energy related challenges occur from transport and residential (district) heating. The modal split shows big differences between journeys within Tartu and journeys between Tartu and its vicinity. While the first shows a high share of public transport and walking, the latter includes a high share of car use, especially in work related travelling. This is closely related to the issue of ongoing urban sprawl and increasing car ownership. Although the Tartu City Transport Development Plan 2012-2020 points very clearly at the weaknesses in the transport system of Tartu, the plan is not addressing cross-border issues, like e.g. regional commuting.The highest share of emissions is allotted to energy production. In terms of energy sources Estonia is very much dependent on imports like oil and gas and the Estonian electricity production is to more than 90 % based on Estonian oil shale. Thus, efforts towards higher energy efficiency – at least on the national level – are rather driven by ambitions to decrease fuel dependency than merely efficiency objectives. That illustrates the need for a transition of the energy supply and generation system in Estonia from two forces: decreasing fuel dependency and a shift to an increasing use of renewable resources.

AB - The Estonian planning system allots the main responsibilities for planning activities to the local level, whereas the regional level (county) is rather weak. That implies a gap of cooperation on the regional level, leading to dispersed urban development in suburban municipalities and ongoing urban sprawl in the vicinity of Tartu. This development appears contrary to the concept of “low-density urbanised space” as formulated in the National Spatial Plan “Estonia 2030+” (NSP) as the central spatial development concept for Estonia and also to a compact and intensive city development as formulated in the Master Plan of Tartu.Since Tartu has no relevant big industries, the main employers are the municipality and the university, energy related challenges occur from transport and residential (district) heating. The modal split shows big differences between journeys within Tartu and journeys between Tartu and its vicinity. While the first shows a high share of public transport and walking, the latter includes a high share of car use, especially in work related travelling. This is closely related to the issue of ongoing urban sprawl and increasing car ownership. Although the Tartu City Transport Development Plan 2012-2020 points very clearly at the weaknesses in the transport system of Tartu, the plan is not addressing cross-border issues, like e.g. regional commuting.The highest share of emissions is allotted to energy production. In terms of energy sources Estonia is very much dependent on imports like oil and gas and the Estonian electricity production is to more than 90 % based on Estonian oil shale. Thus, efforts towards higher energy efficiency – at least on the national level – are rather driven by ambitions to decrease fuel dependency than merely efficiency objectives. That illustrates the need for a transition of the energy supply and generation system in Estonia from two forces: decreasing fuel dependency and a shift to an increasing use of renewable resources.

KW - Urban planning

KW - Energy

KW - Heating

KW - Transport

KW - urban planning

KW - spatial planning

KW - commuting

KW - strategic planning

M3 - Report

BT - Urban energy planning in Tartu

PB - EU-FP7 project PLEEC

ER -

ID: 142223030