Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis: a case-control study

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Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis : a case-control study. / Braae, Uffe Christian; Harrison, Wendy; Lekule, Faustin; Magnussen, Pascal; Johansen, Maria Vang.

In: Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 214, No. 1-2, 30.11.2015, p. 187-191.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Braae, UC, Harrison, W, Lekule, F, Magnussen, P & Johansen, MV 2015, 'Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis: a case-control study', Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 214, no. 1-2, pp. 187-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009

APA

Braae, U. C., Harrison, W., Lekule, F., Magnussen, P., & Johansen, M. V. (2015). Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis: a case-control study. Veterinary Parasitology, 214(1-2), 187-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009

Vancouver

Braae UC, Harrison W, Lekule F, Magnussen P, Johansen MV. Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis: a case-control study. Veterinary Parasitology. 2015 Nov 30;214(1-2):187-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009

Author

Braae, Uffe Christian ; Harrison, Wendy ; Lekule, Faustin ; Magnussen, Pascal ; Johansen, Maria Vang. / Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis : a case-control study. In: Veterinary Parasitology. 2015 ; Vol. 214, No. 1-2. pp. 187-191.

Bibtex

@article{e198712dcdc54cc097a797ede7d54b9b,
title = "Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis: a case-control study",
abstract = "Attempts to control Taenia solium in low-income countries have been unsuccessful or unsustainable. This could indicate a ‘missing link’ in our understanding of the transmission dynamics of the parasite and possibly the magnitude of environmental contamination. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis using a case-control study design, utilising known information on persistent or multiple infections of porcine cysticercosis. The study, a combination of questionnaire interviews and observational surveys, was conducted in July 2014 in the two districts Mbeya and Mbozi, Tanzania. Study households were identified based on their status regarding porcine cysticercosis prevalence and allocated into cases or controls based on previous porcine cysticercosis presence. This resulted in 43 farmers in the case group and 50 farmers in the control group, from 20 villages. Potato peels were said to be given to pigs either raw or boiled by 46{\%} of the farmers. Based on logistic regression porcine cysticercosis could be associated with absence or a completely open latrine (p=0.035, OR 5.98, CI: 1.33-43.02) compared to an enclosed latrine. Feeding potato peels to pigs was also associated with increased risk of infection (p=0.007, OR 3.45, CI: 1.43-8.79). Logistic analysis including the pig management system indicated pigs kept in elevated pens (p=0.049, OR 5.33, CI: 1.08-32.27) and on a dirt floor (p=0.041, OR 9.87, CI: 1.29-114.55) were more likely to be infected compared to a cemented floor. Whether potato peels are contaminated with Taenia eggs before they reach the household or whether the contamination is from water or dirty hands during the process of peeling, remains to be confirmed. This study suggests that detailed assessment of a number of areas of pig management is essential for designing effective control programmes.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Taenia solium, Porcine cysticercosis, Transmission, Risk factors, Taenia eggs, Environmental contamination",
author = "Braae, {Uffe Christian} and Wendy Harrison and Faustin Lekule and Pascal Magnussen and Johansen, {Maria Vang}",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009",
language = "English",
volume = "214",
pages = "187--191",
journal = "Veterinary Parasitology",
issn = "0304-4017",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feedstuff and poor latrines may put pigs at risk of cysticercosis

T2 - a case-control study

AU - Braae, Uffe Christian

AU - Harrison, Wendy

AU - Lekule, Faustin

AU - Magnussen, Pascal

AU - Johansen, Maria Vang

PY - 2015/11/30

Y1 - 2015/11/30

N2 - Attempts to control Taenia solium in low-income countries have been unsuccessful or unsustainable. This could indicate a ‘missing link’ in our understanding of the transmission dynamics of the parasite and possibly the magnitude of environmental contamination. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis using a case-control study design, utilising known information on persistent or multiple infections of porcine cysticercosis. The study, a combination of questionnaire interviews and observational surveys, was conducted in July 2014 in the two districts Mbeya and Mbozi, Tanzania. Study households were identified based on their status regarding porcine cysticercosis prevalence and allocated into cases or controls based on previous porcine cysticercosis presence. This resulted in 43 farmers in the case group and 50 farmers in the control group, from 20 villages. Potato peels were said to be given to pigs either raw or boiled by 46% of the farmers. Based on logistic regression porcine cysticercosis could be associated with absence or a completely open latrine (p=0.035, OR 5.98, CI: 1.33-43.02) compared to an enclosed latrine. Feeding potato peels to pigs was also associated with increased risk of infection (p=0.007, OR 3.45, CI: 1.43-8.79). Logistic analysis including the pig management system indicated pigs kept in elevated pens (p=0.049, OR 5.33, CI: 1.08-32.27) and on a dirt floor (p=0.041, OR 9.87, CI: 1.29-114.55) were more likely to be infected compared to a cemented floor. Whether potato peels are contaminated with Taenia eggs before they reach the household or whether the contamination is from water or dirty hands during the process of peeling, remains to be confirmed. This study suggests that detailed assessment of a number of areas of pig management is essential for designing effective control programmes.

AB - Attempts to control Taenia solium in low-income countries have been unsuccessful or unsustainable. This could indicate a ‘missing link’ in our understanding of the transmission dynamics of the parasite and possibly the magnitude of environmental contamination. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis using a case-control study design, utilising known information on persistent or multiple infections of porcine cysticercosis. The study, a combination of questionnaire interviews and observational surveys, was conducted in July 2014 in the two districts Mbeya and Mbozi, Tanzania. Study households were identified based on their status regarding porcine cysticercosis prevalence and allocated into cases or controls based on previous porcine cysticercosis presence. This resulted in 43 farmers in the case group and 50 farmers in the control group, from 20 villages. Potato peels were said to be given to pigs either raw or boiled by 46% of the farmers. Based on logistic regression porcine cysticercosis could be associated with absence or a completely open latrine (p=0.035, OR 5.98, CI: 1.33-43.02) compared to an enclosed latrine. Feeding potato peels to pigs was also associated with increased risk of infection (p=0.007, OR 3.45, CI: 1.43-8.79). Logistic analysis including the pig management system indicated pigs kept in elevated pens (p=0.049, OR 5.33, CI: 1.08-32.27) and on a dirt floor (p=0.041, OR 9.87, CI: 1.29-114.55) were more likely to be infected compared to a cemented floor. Whether potato peels are contaminated with Taenia eggs before they reach the household or whether the contamination is from water or dirty hands during the process of peeling, remains to be confirmed. This study suggests that detailed assessment of a number of areas of pig management is essential for designing effective control programmes.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - Taenia solium

KW - Porcine cysticercosis

KW - Transmission

KW - Risk factors

KW - Taenia eggs

KW - Environmental contamination

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009

DO - 10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.08.009

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26304509

VL - 214

SP - 187

EP - 191

JO - Veterinary Parasitology

JF - Veterinary Parasitology

SN - 0304-4017

IS - 1-2

ER -

ID: 142912417