Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds. / Nielsen, Torben Dahl; Green, L. E.; Kudahl, Anne Margrethe Braad; Østergaard, Søren; Nielsen, Liza Rosenbaum.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 95, No. 9, 2012, p. 4873-4885.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Nielsen, TD, Green, LE, Kudahl, AMB, Østergaard, S & Nielsen, LR 2012, 'Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds', Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 4873-4885. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4332

APA

Nielsen, T. D., Green, L. E., Kudahl, A. M. B., Østergaard, S., & Nielsen, L. R. (2012). Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science, 95(9), 4873-4885. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4332

Vancouver

Nielsen TD, Green LE, Kudahl AMB, Østergaard S, Nielsen LR. Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science. 2012;95(9):4873-4885. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4332

Author

Nielsen, Torben Dahl ; Green, L. E. ; Kudahl, Anne Margrethe Braad ; Østergaard, Søren ; Nielsen, Liza Rosenbaum. / Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds. In: Journal of Dairy Science. 2012 ; Vol. 95, No. 9. pp. 4873-4885.

Bibtex

@article{6b5db04f0b544bec9c95339a4c57e8cc,
title = "Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds",
abstract = "The effect of Salmonella on milk production is not well established in cattle. The objective of this study was to investigate whether introduction of Salmonella into dairy cattle herds was associated with reduced milk yield and determine the duration of any such effect. Longitudinal data from 2005 through 2009 were used, with data from 12 mo before until 18 mo after the estimated date of infection. Twenty-eight case herds were selected based on an increase in the level of Salmonella-specific antibodies in bulk-tank milk from <10 corrected optical density percentage (ODC{\%}) to =70 ODC{\%} between 2 consecutive three-monthly measurements in the Danish Salmonella surveillance program. All selected case herds were conventional Danish Holstein herds. Control herds (n = 40) were selected randomly from Danish Holstein herds with Salmonella antibody levels consistently <10 ODC{\%}. A date of herd infection was randomly allocated to the control herds. Hierarchical mixed effect models with the outcome test-day yield of energy-corrected milk (ECM)/cow were used to investigate daily milk yield before and after the estimated herd infection date for cows in parities 1, 2, and 3+. Control herds were used to evaluate whether the effects in the case herds could be reproduced in herds without Salmonella infection. Herd size, days in milk, somatic cell count, season, and year were included in the models. Yield in first-parity cows was reduced by a mean of 1.4 kg (95{\%} confidence interval: 0.5 to 2.3) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after the estimated herd infection date, compared with that of first-parity cows in the same herds in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection date. Yield for parity 3+ cows was reduced by a mean of 3.0 kg (95{\%} confidence interval: 1.3 to 4.8) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after herd infection compared with that of parity 3+ cows in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection. We observed minor differences in yield in second-parity cows before and after herd infection and observed no difference between cows in control herds before and after the simulated infection date. Milk yield decreased significantly in affected herds and the reduction was detectable several months after the increase in bulk tank milk Salmonella antibodies. It took more than 1 yr for milk yield to return to preinfection levels.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Veterin{\ae}r epidemiologi, Salmonella Dublin, Cows, milk yield, modelling",
author = "Nielsen, {Torben Dahl} and Green, {L. E.} and Kudahl, {Anne Margrethe Braad} and S{\o}ren {\O}stergaard and Nielsen, {Liza Rosenbaum}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.3168/jds.2011-4332",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "4873--4885",
journal = "Journal of Dairy Science",
issn = "0022-0302",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of milk yield losses associated with Salmonella antibodies in bulk tank milk in bovine dairy herds

AU - Nielsen, Torben Dahl

AU - Green, L. E.

AU - Kudahl, Anne Margrethe Braad

AU - Østergaard, Søren

AU - Nielsen, Liza Rosenbaum

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The effect of Salmonella on milk production is not well established in cattle. The objective of this study was to investigate whether introduction of Salmonella into dairy cattle herds was associated with reduced milk yield and determine the duration of any such effect. Longitudinal data from 2005 through 2009 were used, with data from 12 mo before until 18 mo after the estimated date of infection. Twenty-eight case herds were selected based on an increase in the level of Salmonella-specific antibodies in bulk-tank milk from <10 corrected optical density percentage (ODC%) to =70 ODC% between 2 consecutive three-monthly measurements in the Danish Salmonella surveillance program. All selected case herds were conventional Danish Holstein herds. Control herds (n = 40) were selected randomly from Danish Holstein herds with Salmonella antibody levels consistently <10 ODC%. A date of herd infection was randomly allocated to the control herds. Hierarchical mixed effect models with the outcome test-day yield of energy-corrected milk (ECM)/cow were used to investigate daily milk yield before and after the estimated herd infection date for cows in parities 1, 2, and 3+. Control herds were used to evaluate whether the effects in the case herds could be reproduced in herds without Salmonella infection. Herd size, days in milk, somatic cell count, season, and year were included in the models. Yield in first-parity cows was reduced by a mean of 1.4 kg (95% confidence interval: 0.5 to 2.3) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after the estimated herd infection date, compared with that of first-parity cows in the same herds in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection date. Yield for parity 3+ cows was reduced by a mean of 3.0 kg (95% confidence interval: 1.3 to 4.8) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after herd infection compared with that of parity 3+ cows in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection. We observed minor differences in yield in second-parity cows before and after herd infection and observed no difference between cows in control herds before and after the simulated infection date. Milk yield decreased significantly in affected herds and the reduction was detectable several months after the increase in bulk tank milk Salmonella antibodies. It took more than 1 yr for milk yield to return to preinfection levels.

AB - The effect of Salmonella on milk production is not well established in cattle. The objective of this study was to investigate whether introduction of Salmonella into dairy cattle herds was associated with reduced milk yield and determine the duration of any such effect. Longitudinal data from 2005 through 2009 were used, with data from 12 mo before until 18 mo after the estimated date of infection. Twenty-eight case herds were selected based on an increase in the level of Salmonella-specific antibodies in bulk-tank milk from <10 corrected optical density percentage (ODC%) to =70 ODC% between 2 consecutive three-monthly measurements in the Danish Salmonella surveillance program. All selected case herds were conventional Danish Holstein herds. Control herds (n = 40) were selected randomly from Danish Holstein herds with Salmonella antibody levels consistently <10 ODC%. A date of herd infection was randomly allocated to the control herds. Hierarchical mixed effect models with the outcome test-day yield of energy-corrected milk (ECM)/cow were used to investigate daily milk yield before and after the estimated herd infection date for cows in parities 1, 2, and 3+. Control herds were used to evaluate whether the effects in the case herds could be reproduced in herds without Salmonella infection. Herd size, days in milk, somatic cell count, season, and year were included in the models. Yield in first-parity cows was reduced by a mean of 1.4 kg (95% confidence interval: 0.5 to 2.3) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after the estimated herd infection date, compared with that of first-parity cows in the same herds in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection date. Yield for parity 3+ cows was reduced by a mean of 3.0 kg (95% confidence interval: 1.3 to 4.8) of ECM/cow per day from 7 to 15 mo after herd infection compared with that of parity 3+ cows in the 12 mo before the estimated herd infection. We observed minor differences in yield in second-parity cows before and after herd infection and observed no difference between cows in control herds before and after the simulated infection date. Milk yield decreased significantly in affected herds and the reduction was detectable several months after the increase in bulk tank milk Salmonella antibodies. It took more than 1 yr for milk yield to return to preinfection levels.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - Veterinær epidemiologi

KW - Salmonella Dublin

KW - Cows

KW - milk yield

KW - modelling

U2 - 10.3168/jds.2011-4332

DO - 10.3168/jds.2011-4332

M3 - Journal article

VL - 95

SP - 4873

EP - 4885

JO - Journal of Dairy Science

JF - Journal of Dairy Science

SN - 0022-0302

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 38227587