DNA carryover in milk samples from routine milk recording used for PCR-based diagnosis of bovine Staphylococcus aureus mastitis
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Yasser Saadeldien Ibrahim Mahmmod, Ilka Christine Klaas, Carsten Enevoldsen
Real-time PCR techniques are increasingly used to detect udder pathogens from milk samples collected non-aseptically at routine milk recording. The objectives of this study were (1) to estimate the statistical associations between cycle threshold (Ct) values for Staphylococcus aureus in non-aseptically collected composite samples taken at routine milk recording from cows milked consecutively with the same milking unit and milk meter; and (2) to formulate practical and plausible guidelines for understanding the diagnostic implications of PCR testing for Staph. aureus intramammary infection at routine milk recording. The study included 4 herds with conventional milking parlors and repeatedly low Ct-values for Staph. aureus (representing a high DNA load) in bulk tank milk. Composite milk samples were collected from all cows at all milking units during routine milk recording using the Tru-Test electronic milk meter (Tru-Test Group, Auckland, New Zealand) and analyzed using the PathoProof PCR (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Vantaa, Finland) assay. Milking clock times were retrieved at each milk meter to establish the milking order of the cows at each unit. A multinomial logistic regression was applied to estimate the association between Ct-values from cows milked consecutively with the same milking unit and milk meter. The following groups were selected based on Ct-values: (1) 0-31.3, (2) 31.4-33.9, (3) 34.0-37, (4) 37.1-39.9, and (5) 40 (negative result). The association between groups from cows milked consecutively with the same milking unit and milk meter was statistically significant. Approximately 60% of cows were in Ct group 5 if the antecedent cow was also in Ct group 5, but only 20% of cows were in Ct group 5 if the antecedent cow was in Ct group 1. The probability of cows being in Ct group 1 was not markedly influenced by the group of the antecedent cow. Statistical relationships in the intermediate range gave a plausible indication of a dose-response relationship. Carryover of bacterial DNA via the milking unit and milk meter is very likely to affect PCR results for Staph. aureus. Therefore, information about milking order must be considered in mastitis control efforts. We suggest a practical interpretation of PCR results: cows with a Ct-value <32 can be labeled "very likely to be infected with Staph. aureus," but cows with Ct-values of >37 and 32-37 can be labeled "very likely to be negative for Staph. aureus" and "uncertain Staph. aureus status," respectively.
|Journal||Journal of Dairy Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences