Léonard Steven M A van Rompaey
JUR Juridisk Ph.d.-uddannelse
Karen Blixens Plads 16, 2300 København S, Søndre Campus, Bygning: 6A-4-19
The central theme that unites Léonard's research and professional experiences is that of defense, security and international relations. The topics that he has developed through his research follow this path and have been centered around new technologies of war: autonomous weapons, drones, cyber weapons and human military enhancement.
The first research he did on the subject was concluded while graduating with a Master of International Public Law from Aix-Marseille University where he also obtained his Bachelor of Law. The doctoral research he is now starting focuses on Autonomous Weapons by trying to understand how autonomy within machines will work out with the anthropocentric nature of Law.
This interest for the legal questions surrounding military robotics was born during an internship at the United Nation's Office for Disarmament Affairs in Geneva in 2014 where he helped prepare the first Meeting of experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. Other experiences include an internship at the European Commission's Service for Foreign Policy Instruments working on sanctions, and strong implication in arts and student associations.
PhD research: Theoretical and Practical Challenges posed by Artificial Autonomy to the Anthropocentric Nature of International Humanitarian Law
Autonomous Weapons have been under the international headlights for three consecutive years and States are slowly starting to settle the most conservative and cautious dimensions related to International Humanitarian Law. This debate fails to perceive some important aspects of the development of Autonomy and even should States finalise a political code of conduct or an internationally binding agreement, the way the intrinsically anthropocentric nature of Law is affected by the coming of such technologies is not mentioned.
Indeed, Law has been made by and for human use for thousands of years, but the creation of objects capable of making decisions which is intention’s core exercise raises a number of issues that remain unanswered. Even if Humanitarian Law applies to the use of autonomous weapons, it does not so effortlessly because the anthropocentric nature of Law may not be fully compatible with artificial autonomy.
This project explores these abrasion zones of Law’s exercise and suggests implementation of practical solutions within and beyond International Humanitarian Law to mend these abrasion zones while understanding how Human is the Law.
- International Public Law
- International Humanitarian Law
- Theory of Law