Estonia

This page presents the law in force at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic (the date of the highest number of daily cases in each country according to Johns Hopkins University as of June 2020). Legal restrictions on free movement are recorded. While not all restrictions are captured, we have sought to present those that go to the core of the right.

In case of comments/ corrections, please contact: katharina.o.cathaoir@jur.ku.dk

The date of the highest number of daily cases in each country according to Johns Hopkins University

March 26: 134

COVID-19 related border restrictions

Generally closed, with exceptions (including residents & citizens)

Quarantine/self-isolation on arrival

All incoming travellers, with exceptions

14 days mandatory

Restrictions on internal free movement

May go outside, but recommendations and regulations on distance between people, specific areas etc

Restrictions on outdoor gatherings

Only two people/ household

Sanctions for breaching restrictions on free movement?

Yes (administrative)

More information

Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus resource Centre

Tiina Titma, Estonia, an overview of legal measures taken at the time of COVID19 outbreak, EAHL European Association of Health Law Newsletter No 3/2020, Covid-19 legislative survey, Estonia, second edition

EU Fundamental Rights Agency, Coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak in the EU - Fundamental Rights Implications - EstoniaBulletin 1

Declaration of a state of emergency in the administrative territory of the Republic of Estonia 12.03.2020 nr 76 (Eriolukorra väljakuulutamine Eesti Vabariigi haldusterritooriumil)

Temporary restriction on crossing the state border due to the spread of the coronavirus causing the COVID-19 disease, 15.03.2020 No. 78 (Riigipiiri ületamise ajutine piiramine COVID-19 haigust põhjustava koroonaviiruse leviku tõttu)

Implementation of emergency measures, 13.03.2020 No. 77 (Eriolukorra meetmete rakendamine)

Temporary restriction of border crossings due to the spread of the coronavirus causing COVID-19, 15.03.2020 No. 78 (Riigipiiri ületamise ajutine piiramine COVID-19 haigust põhjustava koroonaviiruse leviku tõttu)

Order of the head of an emergency situation to establish a restriction on movement after crossing the state border (Eriolukorra juhi korraldus liikumispiirangu kehtestamiseks pärast riigipiiri ületamist) (16 March 2020)

Order of the person in charge of emergency situation for imposing restrictions on the freedom of movement in public places 24.03.2020 No. 45 (Eriolukorra juhi korraldus seoses liikumisvabaduse piirangute kehtestamisega avalikes kohtades)