Your mitochondria are what you eat: a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Your mitochondria are what you eat : a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle. / Jørgensen, Wenche; Rud, Kasper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Ole Hartvig; Frandsen, Lis ; Grunnet, Niels; Quistorff, Bjørn.

In: Physiological Reports, Vol. 5 , No. 6, e13207, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jørgensen, W, Rud, KA, Mortensen, OH, Frandsen, L, Grunnet, N & Quistorff, B 2017, 'Your mitochondria are what you eat: a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle', Physiological Reports, vol. 5 , no. 6, e13207. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13207

APA

Jørgensen, W., Rud, K. A., Mortensen, O. H., Frandsen, L., Grunnet, N., & Quistorff, B. (2017). Your mitochondria are what you eat: a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle. Physiological Reports, 5 (6), [e13207]. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13207

Vancouver

Jørgensen W, Rud KA, Mortensen OH, Frandsen L, Grunnet N, Quistorff B. Your mitochondria are what you eat: a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle. Physiological Reports. 2017;5 (6). e13207. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13207

Author

Jørgensen, Wenche ; Rud, Kasper Abildgaard ; Mortensen, Ole Hartvig ; Frandsen, Lis ; Grunnet, Niels ; Quistorff, Bjørn. / Your mitochondria are what you eat : a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle. In: Physiological Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 5 , No. 6.

Bibtex

@article{d1defa3ac6f44e9ba624e498e966efa5,
title = "Your mitochondria are what you eat: a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle",
abstract = "Extreme diets consisting of either high fat (HF) or high sucrose (HS) may lead to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, often associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. However, it is not known if these diets alter normal interactions of pyruvate and fatty acid oxidation at the level of the mitochondria. Here, we report that rat muscle mitochondria does show the normal Randle‐type fat‐carbohydrate interaction seen in vivo. The mechanism behind this metabolic flexibility at the level of the isolated mitochondria is a regulation of the flux‐ratio: pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH)/β‐oxidation to suit the actual substrate availability, with the PDH flux as the major point of regulation. We further report that this regulatory mechanism of carbohydrate‐fat metabolic interaction surprisingly is lost in mitochondria obtained from animals exposed for 12 weeks to a HF‐ or a HS diet as compared to rats given a normal chow diet. The mechanism seems to be a loss of the PDH flux decrease seen in controls, when fatty acid is supplied as substrate in addition to pyruvate, and vice versa for the supply of pyruvate as substrate to mitochondria oxidizing fatty acid. Finally, we report that the calculated TCA flux in the isolated mitochondria under these circumstances shows a significant reduction (~50{\%}) after the HF diet and an even larger reduction (~75{\%}) after the HS diet, compared with the chow group. Thus, it appears that obesogenic diets as those applied here have major influence on key metabolic performance of skeletal muscle mitochondria.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, mitochondria, Intermediary metabolism, skeletal muscle",
author = "Wenche J{\o}rgensen and Rud, {Kasper Abildgaard} and Mortensen, {Ole Hartvig} and Lis Frandsen and Niels Grunnet and Bj{\o}rn Quistorff",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.14814/phy2.13207",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "Physiological Reports",
issn = "2051-817X",
publisher = "Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Your mitochondria are what you eat

T2 - a high-fat or a high-sucrose diet eliminates metabolic flexibility in isolated mitochondria from rat skeletal muscle

AU - Jørgensen, Wenche

AU - Rud, Kasper Abildgaard

AU - Mortensen, Ole Hartvig

AU - Frandsen, Lis

AU - Grunnet, Niels

AU - Quistorff, Bjørn

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Extreme diets consisting of either high fat (HF) or high sucrose (HS) may lead to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, often associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. However, it is not known if these diets alter normal interactions of pyruvate and fatty acid oxidation at the level of the mitochondria. Here, we report that rat muscle mitochondria does show the normal Randle‐type fat‐carbohydrate interaction seen in vivo. The mechanism behind this metabolic flexibility at the level of the isolated mitochondria is a regulation of the flux‐ratio: pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH)/β‐oxidation to suit the actual substrate availability, with the PDH flux as the major point of regulation. We further report that this regulatory mechanism of carbohydrate‐fat metabolic interaction surprisingly is lost in mitochondria obtained from animals exposed for 12 weeks to a HF‐ or a HS diet as compared to rats given a normal chow diet. The mechanism seems to be a loss of the PDH flux decrease seen in controls, when fatty acid is supplied as substrate in addition to pyruvate, and vice versa for the supply of pyruvate as substrate to mitochondria oxidizing fatty acid. Finally, we report that the calculated TCA flux in the isolated mitochondria under these circumstances shows a significant reduction (~50%) after the HF diet and an even larger reduction (~75%) after the HS diet, compared with the chow group. Thus, it appears that obesogenic diets as those applied here have major influence on key metabolic performance of skeletal muscle mitochondria.

AB - Extreme diets consisting of either high fat (HF) or high sucrose (HS) may lead to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, often associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. However, it is not known if these diets alter normal interactions of pyruvate and fatty acid oxidation at the level of the mitochondria. Here, we report that rat muscle mitochondria does show the normal Randle‐type fat‐carbohydrate interaction seen in vivo. The mechanism behind this metabolic flexibility at the level of the isolated mitochondria is a regulation of the flux‐ratio: pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH)/β‐oxidation to suit the actual substrate availability, with the PDH flux as the major point of regulation. We further report that this regulatory mechanism of carbohydrate‐fat metabolic interaction surprisingly is lost in mitochondria obtained from animals exposed for 12 weeks to a HF‐ or a HS diet as compared to rats given a normal chow diet. The mechanism seems to be a loss of the PDH flux decrease seen in controls, when fatty acid is supplied as substrate in addition to pyruvate, and vice versa for the supply of pyruvate as substrate to mitochondria oxidizing fatty acid. Finally, we report that the calculated TCA flux in the isolated mitochondria under these circumstances shows a significant reduction (~50%) after the HF diet and an even larger reduction (~75%) after the HS diet, compared with the chow group. Thus, it appears that obesogenic diets as those applied here have major influence on key metabolic performance of skeletal muscle mitochondria.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - mitochondria

KW - Intermediary metabolism, skeletal muscle

U2 - 10.14814/phy2.13207

DO - 10.14814/phy2.13207

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28330953

VL - 5

JO - Physiological Reports

JF - Physiological Reports

SN - 2051-817X

IS - 6

M1 - e13207

ER -

ID: 177146502