Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders

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Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders. / Møller, B. Horne; Bisgaard, Magne; Pors, Susanne Elisabeth.

In: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Vol. 150, No. 2-3, 2014, p. 266-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Møller, BH, Bisgaard, M & Pors, SE 2014, 'Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders', Journal of Comparative Pathology, vol. 150, no. 2-3, pp. 266-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006

APA

Møller, B. H., Bisgaard, M., & Pors, S. E. (2014). Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 150(2-3), 266-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006

Vancouver

Møller BH, Bisgaard M, Pors SE. Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders. Journal of Comparative Pathology. 2014;150(2-3):266-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006

Author

Møller, B. Horne ; Bisgaard, Magne ; Pors, Susanne Elisabeth. / Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders. In: Journal of Comparative Pathology. 2014 ; Vol. 150, No. 2-3. pp. 266-275.

Bibtex

@article{be875faec1e24788baceca312eaaca50,
title = "Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to investigate the pathogenic potential of Avibacterium endocarditidis. Forty broiler breeders were inoculated with one of three doses of the organism and killed at different time points. Bacteriology, pathology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to evaluate bacterial growth and the development of lesions. Abundant growth in pure culture of A. endocarditidis was always obtained from valvular lesions, while only poor growth or no growth was obtained from liver and spleen lesions, confirming previous observations from naturally occurring cases. Gross lesions and histopathological findings confirmed previous observations. Valvular lesions were acute, ranging from slight thickening of the valves to severe inflammation. In most cases, bacteria colonized the valves. Lesions observed in the spleen included different degrees of necrosis and liver lesions ranged from very small infarcts to large areas of coagulative necrosis. Arthritis occurred in 19 birds, 15 of which tested positive for A. endocarditidis. Most birds developed bacteraemia, but the inability to isolate bacteria from the liver and spleen and the lack of bacteria demonstrated by FISH and histopathology, suggested lack of fulminant septicaemia. A significant correlation between the size of dose inoculated and development of valvular endocarditis was not observed; however, regressive changes in the ovary, liver necrosis and hepato-, spleno- and renomegaly were significantly dose dependent. A. endocarditidis represents a potential pathogen for chickens, the reservoir of which remains to be determined.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Avibacterium endocarditidis, poultry, valvular endocarditis",
author = "M{\o}ller, {B. Horne} and Magne Bisgaard and Pors, {Susanne Elisabeth}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "266--275",
journal = "Journal of Comparative Pathology",
issn = "0021-9975",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2-3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pathology and localization of Avibacterium endocarditidis in experimentally infected broiler breeders

AU - Møller, B. Horne

AU - Bisgaard, Magne

AU - Pors, Susanne Elisabeth

N1 - Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The aim of this study was to investigate the pathogenic potential of Avibacterium endocarditidis. Forty broiler breeders were inoculated with one of three doses of the organism and killed at different time points. Bacteriology, pathology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to evaluate bacterial growth and the development of lesions. Abundant growth in pure culture of A. endocarditidis was always obtained from valvular lesions, while only poor growth or no growth was obtained from liver and spleen lesions, confirming previous observations from naturally occurring cases. Gross lesions and histopathological findings confirmed previous observations. Valvular lesions were acute, ranging from slight thickening of the valves to severe inflammation. In most cases, bacteria colonized the valves. Lesions observed in the spleen included different degrees of necrosis and liver lesions ranged from very small infarcts to large areas of coagulative necrosis. Arthritis occurred in 19 birds, 15 of which tested positive for A. endocarditidis. Most birds developed bacteraemia, but the inability to isolate bacteria from the liver and spleen and the lack of bacteria demonstrated by FISH and histopathology, suggested lack of fulminant septicaemia. A significant correlation between the size of dose inoculated and development of valvular endocarditis was not observed; however, regressive changes in the ovary, liver necrosis and hepato-, spleno- and renomegaly were significantly dose dependent. A. endocarditidis represents a potential pathogen for chickens, the reservoir of which remains to be determined.

AB - The aim of this study was to investigate the pathogenic potential of Avibacterium endocarditidis. Forty broiler breeders were inoculated with one of three doses of the organism and killed at different time points. Bacteriology, pathology and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to evaluate bacterial growth and the development of lesions. Abundant growth in pure culture of A. endocarditidis was always obtained from valvular lesions, while only poor growth or no growth was obtained from liver and spleen lesions, confirming previous observations from naturally occurring cases. Gross lesions and histopathological findings confirmed previous observations. Valvular lesions were acute, ranging from slight thickening of the valves to severe inflammation. In most cases, bacteria colonized the valves. Lesions observed in the spleen included different degrees of necrosis and liver lesions ranged from very small infarcts to large areas of coagulative necrosis. Arthritis occurred in 19 birds, 15 of which tested positive for A. endocarditidis. Most birds developed bacteraemia, but the inability to isolate bacteria from the liver and spleen and the lack of bacteria demonstrated by FISH and histopathology, suggested lack of fulminant septicaemia. A significant correlation between the size of dose inoculated and development of valvular endocarditis was not observed; however, regressive changes in the ovary, liver necrosis and hepato-, spleno- and renomegaly were significantly dose dependent. A. endocarditidis represents a potential pathogen for chickens, the reservoir of which remains to be determined.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - Avibacterium endocarditidis

KW - poultry

KW - valvular endocarditis

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.07.006

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24016779

VL - 150

SP - 266

EP - 275

JO - Journal of Comparative Pathology

JF - Journal of Comparative Pathology

SN - 0021-9975

IS - 2-3

ER -

ID: 50467073