Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia

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Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia. / Inpankaew, Tawin; Schär, Fabian; Odermatt, Peter; Dalsgaard, Anders; Chimnoi, Wissanuwat; Khieu, Virak; Muth, Sinuon; Traub, Rebecca J.

In: Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 7, 412, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Inpankaew, T, Schär, F, Odermatt, P, Dalsgaard, A, Chimnoi, W, Khieu, V, Muth, S & Traub, RJ 2014, 'Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia', Parasites & Vectors, vol. 7, 412. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-412

APA

Inpankaew, T., Schär, F., Odermatt, P., Dalsgaard, A., Chimnoi, W., Khieu, V., ... Traub, R. J. (2014). Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia. Parasites & Vectors, 7, [412]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-412

Vancouver

Inpankaew T, Schär F, Odermatt P, Dalsgaard A, Chimnoi W, Khieu V et al. Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia. Parasites & Vectors. 2014;7. 412. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-412

Author

Inpankaew, Tawin ; Schär, Fabian ; Odermatt, Peter ; Dalsgaard, Anders ; Chimnoi, Wissanuwat ; Khieu, Virak ; Muth, Sinuon ; Traub, Rebecca J. / Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia. In: Parasites & Vectors. 2014 ; Vol. 7.

Bibtex

@article{db02b3b7cf014eacbb48ea3dc11f90dc,
title = "Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated Giardia as prevalent in both humans and dogs worldwide and have postulated the occurrence of anthroponotic, zoonotic and animal-specific cycles of transmission, which may be geographically and regionally unique in its epidemiology. The aim of this study was to utilise molecular tools to determine the prevalence and compare genotypes of Giardia duodenalis infecting humans and dogs living in a previously identified Giardia-endemic village in rural Cambodia in order to ascertain zoonotic transmission risk.FINDINGS: The prevalence of G. duodenalis in humans and dogs was 18.3{\%} (40/218) and 10.6{\%} (10/94) by PCR, respectively. Molecular characterisation of the small subunit of ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene, triose phosphate isomerase (TPI) gene and sub-assemblage characterisation of the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene placed 27.5{\%} (11/40) of Giardia positive humans into assemblage AII and 72.5{\%} (29/40) into assemblage BIII of G. duodenalis. In dogs, 20.0{\%} (2/10) of Giardia-positive samples were characterised as G. duodenalis assemblage BIII, 40.0{\%} (4/10) as assemblage C and 40.0{\%} (4/10) as mix infection between assemblage C and D.CONCLUSION: Overall, just over 2{\%} of dogs harboured potentially zoonotic assemblages of G. duodenalis in the studied communities and hence pose a minimal zoonotic risk for the transmission of Giardia to humans.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Giardia duodenalis, Humans, Dogs, Zoonosis, Cambodia",
author = "Tawin Inpankaew and Fabian Sch{\"a}r and Peter Odermatt and Anders Dalsgaard and Wissanuwat Chimnoi and Virak Khieu and Sinuon Muth and Traub, {Rebecca J.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/1756-3305-7-412",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Parasites & Vectors",
issn = "1756-3305",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low risk for transmission of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis from dogs to humans in rural Cambodia

AU - Inpankaew, Tawin

AU - Schär, Fabian

AU - Odermatt, Peter

AU - Dalsgaard, Anders

AU - Chimnoi, Wissanuwat

AU - Khieu, Virak

AU - Muth, Sinuon

AU - Traub, Rebecca J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated Giardia as prevalent in both humans and dogs worldwide and have postulated the occurrence of anthroponotic, zoonotic and animal-specific cycles of transmission, which may be geographically and regionally unique in its epidemiology. The aim of this study was to utilise molecular tools to determine the prevalence and compare genotypes of Giardia duodenalis infecting humans and dogs living in a previously identified Giardia-endemic village in rural Cambodia in order to ascertain zoonotic transmission risk.FINDINGS: The prevalence of G. duodenalis in humans and dogs was 18.3% (40/218) and 10.6% (10/94) by PCR, respectively. Molecular characterisation of the small subunit of ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene, triose phosphate isomerase (TPI) gene and sub-assemblage characterisation of the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene placed 27.5% (11/40) of Giardia positive humans into assemblage AII and 72.5% (29/40) into assemblage BIII of G. duodenalis. In dogs, 20.0% (2/10) of Giardia-positive samples were characterised as G. duodenalis assemblage BIII, 40.0% (4/10) as assemblage C and 40.0% (4/10) as mix infection between assemblage C and D.CONCLUSION: Overall, just over 2% of dogs harboured potentially zoonotic assemblages of G. duodenalis in the studied communities and hence pose a minimal zoonotic risk for the transmission of Giardia to humans.

AB - BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated Giardia as prevalent in both humans and dogs worldwide and have postulated the occurrence of anthroponotic, zoonotic and animal-specific cycles of transmission, which may be geographically and regionally unique in its epidemiology. The aim of this study was to utilise molecular tools to determine the prevalence and compare genotypes of Giardia duodenalis infecting humans and dogs living in a previously identified Giardia-endemic village in rural Cambodia in order to ascertain zoonotic transmission risk.FINDINGS: The prevalence of G. duodenalis in humans and dogs was 18.3% (40/218) and 10.6% (10/94) by PCR, respectively. Molecular characterisation of the small subunit of ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene, triose phosphate isomerase (TPI) gene and sub-assemblage characterisation of the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene placed 27.5% (11/40) of Giardia positive humans into assemblage AII and 72.5% (29/40) into assemblage BIII of G. duodenalis. In dogs, 20.0% (2/10) of Giardia-positive samples were characterised as G. duodenalis assemblage BIII, 40.0% (4/10) as assemblage C and 40.0% (4/10) as mix infection between assemblage C and D.CONCLUSION: Overall, just over 2% of dogs harboured potentially zoonotic assemblages of G. duodenalis in the studied communities and hence pose a minimal zoonotic risk for the transmission of Giardia to humans.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - Giardia duodenalis

KW - Humans

KW - Dogs

KW - Zoonosis

KW - Cambodia

U2 - 10.1186/1756-3305-7-412

DO - 10.1186/1756-3305-7-412

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25175607

VL - 7

JO - Parasites & Vectors

JF - Parasites & Vectors

SN - 1756-3305

M1 - 412

ER -

ID: 123734640