Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees. / Skakon, Janne; Kristensen, Tage S.; Christensen, Karl Bang; Lund, Thomas; Labriola, Merete.

In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.02.2011, p. 103-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Skakon, J, Kristensen, TS, Christensen, KB, Lund, T & Labriola, M 2011, 'Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees.', Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 103-109.

APA

Skakon, J., Kristensen, T. S., Christensen, K. B., Lund, T., & Labriola, M. (2011). Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 38(2), 103-109.

Vancouver

Skakon J, Kristensen TS, Christensen KB, Lund T, Labriola M. Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation. 2011 Feb 1;38(2):103-109.

Author

Skakon, Janne ; Kristensen, Tage S. ; Christensen, Karl Bang ; Lund, Thomas ; Labriola, Merete. / Do managers experience more stress than employees? Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees. In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation. 2011 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 103-109.

Bibtex

@article{26a612075e934df088becea7075755bf,
title = "Do managers experience more stress than employees?: Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees.",
abstract = "Aim: To examine whether managers’ perceived stress and work strain is higher than perceived stress and work strain among employees. Methods: The study is based on questionnaire responses from 2052 respondents (128 managers and 1924 employees) at 48 worksites. Bi-variate and multivariate analyses were used to explain possible differences in stress levels and related mediators.Results: Managers experienced higher demands, higher level of conflicts, and lower degree of social support from peers. They tended to experience significantly lower emotional stress, whereas this trend was non-significant with regards to behavioural, somatic and cognitive stress. The difference was partly explained by higher scores in the psychosocial work environment factors; job satisfaction, perceived management quality from their managers, influence, degrees of freedom at work, possibilities for development and meaning of work. For behavioural stress, 41{\%} of the difference was explained by the preventive factors, 20{\%} for somatic stress, 39{\%} for emotional stress and 56 {\%} for cognitive stress. Discussion: This study indicates that the preventive psychosocial factors explain parts of the managers’ lower stress level. These results contradict the lay perception of managers being under higher pressure and experiencing more stress than employees. Interventions aiming at reducing employee stress levels, especially regarding behavioural and cognitive stress, could benefit from focussing on psychosocial work environment exposures such as skill discretion, meaning of work, psychological demands, information flow and management quality.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, work related stress, psychosocial factors, leader, employee, prospective",
author = "Janne Skakon and Kristensen, {Tage S.} and Christensen, {Karl Bang} and Thomas Lund and Merete Labriola",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "103--109",
journal = "Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation",
issn = "1051-9815",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do managers experience more stress than employees?

T2 - Results from the Intervention Project on Absence and Well-being (IPAW) study among Danish managers and their employees.

AU - Skakon, Janne

AU - Kristensen, Tage S.

AU - Christensen, Karl Bang

AU - Lund, Thomas

AU - Labriola, Merete

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - Aim: To examine whether managers’ perceived stress and work strain is higher than perceived stress and work strain among employees. Methods: The study is based on questionnaire responses from 2052 respondents (128 managers and 1924 employees) at 48 worksites. Bi-variate and multivariate analyses were used to explain possible differences in stress levels and related mediators.Results: Managers experienced higher demands, higher level of conflicts, and lower degree of social support from peers. They tended to experience significantly lower emotional stress, whereas this trend was non-significant with regards to behavioural, somatic and cognitive stress. The difference was partly explained by higher scores in the psychosocial work environment factors; job satisfaction, perceived management quality from their managers, influence, degrees of freedom at work, possibilities for development and meaning of work. For behavioural stress, 41% of the difference was explained by the preventive factors, 20% for somatic stress, 39% for emotional stress and 56 % for cognitive stress. Discussion: This study indicates that the preventive psychosocial factors explain parts of the managers’ lower stress level. These results contradict the lay perception of managers being under higher pressure and experiencing more stress than employees. Interventions aiming at reducing employee stress levels, especially regarding behavioural and cognitive stress, could benefit from focussing on psychosocial work environment exposures such as skill discretion, meaning of work, psychological demands, information flow and management quality.

AB - Aim: To examine whether managers’ perceived stress and work strain is higher than perceived stress and work strain among employees. Methods: The study is based on questionnaire responses from 2052 respondents (128 managers and 1924 employees) at 48 worksites. Bi-variate and multivariate analyses were used to explain possible differences in stress levels and related mediators.Results: Managers experienced higher demands, higher level of conflicts, and lower degree of social support from peers. They tended to experience significantly lower emotional stress, whereas this trend was non-significant with regards to behavioural, somatic and cognitive stress. The difference was partly explained by higher scores in the psychosocial work environment factors; job satisfaction, perceived management quality from their managers, influence, degrees of freedom at work, possibilities for development and meaning of work. For behavioural stress, 41% of the difference was explained by the preventive factors, 20% for somatic stress, 39% for emotional stress and 56 % for cognitive stress. Discussion: This study indicates that the preventive psychosocial factors explain parts of the managers’ lower stress level. These results contradict the lay perception of managers being under higher pressure and experiencing more stress than employees. Interventions aiming at reducing employee stress levels, especially regarding behavioural and cognitive stress, could benefit from focussing on psychosocial work environment exposures such as skill discretion, meaning of work, psychological demands, information flow and management quality.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - work related stress

KW - psychosocial factors

KW - leader

KW - employee

KW - prospective

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 103

EP - 109

JO - Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation

JF - Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation

SN - 1051-9815

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 32473886