Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights

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Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights. / Molbæk-Steensig, Helga.

In: International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights, Vol. 6, 1, 12.2015, p. 13-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Molbæk-Steensig, H 2015, 'Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights', International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights, vol. 6, 1, pp. 13-24.

APA

Molbæk-Steensig, H. (2015). Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights. International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights, 6, 13-24. [1].

Vancouver

Molbæk-Steensig H. Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights. International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights. 2015 Dec;6:13-24. 1.

Author

Molbæk-Steensig, Helga. / Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights. In: International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights. 2015 ; Vol. 6. pp. 13-24.

Bibtex

@article{bc8d214b8b214b3a9baf912c3072fcee,
title = "Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights",
abstract = "The topic for this article is the narrative of discrepancies between the minority rights that the European Union (EU) demands of potential candidate states, itself, and the current member states. Several scholars on the Western Balkans have noted that EU conditionality towards the Balkans; first within the Regional Approach and since the Stability and Association Process (SAP) have demanded the establishment of collective minority rights and active state duty for their protection, while the EUs internal approach to minority rights is based on the principle of non-discrimination. In this article, I will review whether this narrative has root in a real double standard. Second, I will look into why either the narrative or the double standard has been established, and finally whether it is a reasonable policy or narrative to cultivate. The article will start out with an introduction to the differences between individual and collective rights, and positive and negative state duties. Following this, there will be a chapter on the traditional use of collective rights Yugoslavia before the wars. Third will follow an account and analysis of the human rights regimes currently in use within the EU. Fourth will be a section describing the demands concerning minority rights that the EU has for SAP members. Finally, there will be a conclusion comparing the use of individual and collective minority rights historically in Yugoslavia, currently in the EU, and in EU conditionality towards the post-Yugoslavian states. The reason for asking this question is closely linked with EU soft power. The concept of EU conditionality towards third countries and potential future member states was first applied to the Western Balkans. If we consider the EU a force for peace and prosperity, which the EU certainly does itself and which the award of the Nobel Peace prize also suggests, then the preservation of its soft power is important. In Joseph Nye’s conceptualisation, soft power is getting others to do what you want by making them want what you want. When UK diplomat Robert Cooper analysed EU soft power specifically, he found it to rest on three things, protection, recipe for success, and participation. If a double standard is present between EU domestic policy and conditionality as the authors displayed above suggest, then the EU is not sharing its recipe for success with candidate states, and is undermining the option of participation for SAP states by making it harder to become member states. Such a situation could dent EU soft power and thereby its potential positive influence on human rights development within and outside the union.",
keywords = "Faculty of Law, Human Rights, Collective rights, Minority rights, EU Enlargement",
author = "Helga Molb{\ae}k-Steensig",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "13--24",
journal = "International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights",
issn = "2232-7541",
publisher = "Konrad Adenauer Foundation",
note = "null ; Conference date: 15-07-2015 Through 25-07-2015",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reviewing the narrative of the double standard Europe concerning collective minority rights

AU - Molbæk-Steensig, Helga

N1 - Conference code: 2015

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - The topic for this article is the narrative of discrepancies between the minority rights that the European Union (EU) demands of potential candidate states, itself, and the current member states. Several scholars on the Western Balkans have noted that EU conditionality towards the Balkans; first within the Regional Approach and since the Stability and Association Process (SAP) have demanded the establishment of collective minority rights and active state duty for their protection, while the EUs internal approach to minority rights is based on the principle of non-discrimination. In this article, I will review whether this narrative has root in a real double standard. Second, I will look into why either the narrative or the double standard has been established, and finally whether it is a reasonable policy or narrative to cultivate. The article will start out with an introduction to the differences between individual and collective rights, and positive and negative state duties. Following this, there will be a chapter on the traditional use of collective rights Yugoslavia before the wars. Third will follow an account and analysis of the human rights regimes currently in use within the EU. Fourth will be a section describing the demands concerning minority rights that the EU has for SAP members. Finally, there will be a conclusion comparing the use of individual and collective minority rights historically in Yugoslavia, currently in the EU, and in EU conditionality towards the post-Yugoslavian states. The reason for asking this question is closely linked with EU soft power. The concept of EU conditionality towards third countries and potential future member states was first applied to the Western Balkans. If we consider the EU a force for peace and prosperity, which the EU certainly does itself and which the award of the Nobel Peace prize also suggests, then the preservation of its soft power is important. In Joseph Nye’s conceptualisation, soft power is getting others to do what you want by making them want what you want. When UK diplomat Robert Cooper analysed EU soft power specifically, he found it to rest on three things, protection, recipe for success, and participation. If a double standard is present between EU domestic policy and conditionality as the authors displayed above suggest, then the EU is not sharing its recipe for success with candidate states, and is undermining the option of participation for SAP states by making it harder to become member states. Such a situation could dent EU soft power and thereby its potential positive influence on human rights development within and outside the union.

AB - The topic for this article is the narrative of discrepancies between the minority rights that the European Union (EU) demands of potential candidate states, itself, and the current member states. Several scholars on the Western Balkans have noted that EU conditionality towards the Balkans; first within the Regional Approach and since the Stability and Association Process (SAP) have demanded the establishment of collective minority rights and active state duty for their protection, while the EUs internal approach to minority rights is based on the principle of non-discrimination. In this article, I will review whether this narrative has root in a real double standard. Second, I will look into why either the narrative or the double standard has been established, and finally whether it is a reasonable policy or narrative to cultivate. The article will start out with an introduction to the differences between individual and collective rights, and positive and negative state duties. Following this, there will be a chapter on the traditional use of collective rights Yugoslavia before the wars. Third will follow an account and analysis of the human rights regimes currently in use within the EU. Fourth will be a section describing the demands concerning minority rights that the EU has for SAP members. Finally, there will be a conclusion comparing the use of individual and collective minority rights historically in Yugoslavia, currently in the EU, and in EU conditionality towards the post-Yugoslavian states. The reason for asking this question is closely linked with EU soft power. The concept of EU conditionality towards third countries and potential future member states was first applied to the Western Balkans. If we consider the EU a force for peace and prosperity, which the EU certainly does itself and which the award of the Nobel Peace prize also suggests, then the preservation of its soft power is important. In Joseph Nye’s conceptualisation, soft power is getting others to do what you want by making them want what you want. When UK diplomat Robert Cooper analysed EU soft power specifically, he found it to rest on three things, protection, recipe for success, and participation. If a double standard is present between EU domestic policy and conditionality as the authors displayed above suggest, then the EU is not sharing its recipe for success with candidate states, and is undermining the option of participation for SAP states by making it harder to become member states. Such a situation could dent EU soft power and thereby its potential positive influence on human rights development within and outside the union.

KW - Faculty of Law

KW - Human Rights

KW - Collective rights

KW - Minority rights

KW - EU Enlargement

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - 13

EP - 24

JO - International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights

JF - International Journal on Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights

SN - 2232-7541

M1 - 1

Y2 - 15 July 2015 through 25 July 2015

ER -

ID: 178843986