Léonard Van Rompaey
Karen Blixens Plads 16, 2300 København S, Søndre Campus, Building: 6A.4.05
Legal Disruption by Artificial Intelligence: a Study of the Incompatibilities Between Law and Robots
My research focuses on artificial intelligence’s legal disruption. Where does law fail to regulate robots? With very little deployment, we are already identifying legal challenges to the incorporation of artificial intelligence and autonomy in healthcare, transportation, warfare and many other areas of human activity. I try to identify and better understand the common denominators to the symptomatic disruptions that appear in various legal fields. The first common element is artificial intelligence, and I explore the exceptionalism of this technology in comparison to previous innovative disruptions. The second common element is the law itself.
I try to expose law as a deeply anthropocentric concept, using tools from cognitive neurosciences, behavioural economics and theory of law. When we try to regulate robots as objects (as we do with cars) the law fails to acknowledge the agency of the robot, which intervenes actively---not randomly or predictably---on the outcome from the action. When we try to regulate robots as agents, tensions and abrasions appear because of the human nature of law, a tool made by and for human beings and curtailed to constraining our behaviour. To address those theoretical and conceptual questions of incompatibility between the law and robotics is foundational to find answers to the symptomatic occurrences of AI legal disruption.
Primary fields of research
- Robot Law
- International Public Law
- International Humanitarian Law
- Theory of Law
- Legal French
- International Public Law (BA)