The Exploitation of Intellectual Property Rights: In Search of the Right Balance
The 39th ATRIP Congress will focus on the interplay between the substantive provisions of all IP rights and the way these rights are being exploited. Taking as its starting point that the granting of rights and the exercise o those rights constitute two sides of the same coin, the Congress will investigate methods to ensure that enforcement and contractual practices support the goals of the IP system.
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
Welcome to the 39th ATRIP Congress. The theme of this Congress is “The Exploitation of intellectual property rights: In search of the right balance”.
The IP legislation consists of a tightly knit framework of weights and counterweights, which aim to balance the interests of right holders and users to promote welfare and fairness. But what happens when right holders and users exploit their rights in ways not anticipated by the legislation? Over the past year, we have all witnessed and globally debated the balance between private IP rights in view of public and national interests to ensure equitable access to medical innovations in the context of a public health crisis. How adaptable and flexible can and should the IP framework be?
Taking as its starting point that the granting of rights and their exercise constitute two sides of the same coin, the Congress will investigate methods to ensure that enforcement and contractual practices support the goals of the IP system.
This is the first time an ATRIP Congress takes place on-line. We regret that the COVID-19 continues to prevent us from holding the conference in Seoul, Korea as originally intended. In these unprecedented times and as we resiliently emerge from a global pandemic, the health and safety of our members, their families, and our communities remain our priority. We expect to be able to welcome you to Copenhagen in 2022 for the 40th next ATRIP Congress. Until then, holding the Congress virtually will be a great opportunity to continue to share your research with the wider ATRIP community.
I look forward to welcoming you virtually to the Congress and hope you enjoy the 39th annual ATRIP Congress.
Jens Schovsbo, Professor, University of Copenhagen
The IP system appears as a finely-tuned instrument, with detailed rights and carefully crafted limitations and exceptions balanced on a knife’s edge to promote creativity, innovation and fair commercial dealings. In practice, however, the effects of the system depend largely on how the instrument is being played: If right holders use contracts or litigation to push their rights beyond the intended limits or find themselves unable to reap their benefits then the melodies the system play are out of tune. Similarly, if users find themselves unduly blocked from access and use of protected information, this results in disharmony.
The 39th ATRIP Congress will focus on the interplay between the substantive provisions of all IP rights and the way these rights are being exploited. Taking as it starting point that the granting of rights and the exercise of those rights constitute two sides of the same coin, the Congress will investigate methods to ensure that enforcement and contractual practices support the goals of the IP system.
All the above concepts are understood in a broad sense: “Rights” includes both exclusive rights of rights holders and rights arising under limitations and exceptions benefitting users. “Exploitation” includes (but is not limited to) “enforcement” and “contracts”. Enforcement covers both actions before traditional courts and before non-traditional enforcement agents such as platforms.
The traditional multilateral IP conventions focus on substantive rights and are not specific about what happens after the rights have been granted or limitations allowed. This has changed. To take two examples: the TRIPS Agreement contains detailed provisions on enforcement, and the EU has passed detailed legislation in the area as well. As far as contracts are concerned, many countries hail the principle of Freedom of Contract and leave authors and other IP holders to fend for themselves. That too is changing: Countries are adopting legislation to secure fair remuneration of authors and performers, unwaivable Users Right’s to protect users against the erosion of limitations and exceptions have been mentioned by some courts whereas others have used constitutional norms to support e.g. free speech interests. Sometimes competition (antitrust) law has been used to restrict licensing practices or principles banning “abuse of rights” have been relied upon to prevent right holders from excessive exercise of their exclusive rights. Outside of the legislative arena, right holders have long relied on collective management mechanisms to strengthen their bargaining power or reduce transaction costs. Such models have sometimes enjoyed legislative support but have oftentimes developed with few constraints from IP law. This too is changing both because of legislation but also because of increased scrutiny via competition law e.g. of patent pools and Standard Essential Patents. For domain names, a whole class of conflicts involving trade mark have been channeled away from the traditional legislative arena and towards a private arbitration system. Even more recently, right holders have relied on platform operators and their algorithms to enforce rights on the internet and may thereby have swung the pendulum from a state of chronic under-protection to one of over-protection.
I invite ATRIP members to submit paper proposals on these questions within all areas of IP law including:
- How to make sure that measures for enforcement are fair and equitable for right holders yet do not create barriers to legitimate trade and provides for safeguards against their abuse? Should measures be the same for all rights? How to keep the balance in cross border actions?
- What legal tools could be relied upon to make sure that platform operators take the public policy considerations which underlie IP seriously?
- Should IP law impose use requirements on right holders? Should special rules apply for developing countries and what about patents for vaccines or other drugs? Are there already lessons to be learned from Covid-19?
- What is the potential for competition (antitrust) law to (re)balance enforcement or licensing? What about the pricing of drugs?
- Should Freedom of Contract be limited to protect Users’ reliance on limitations and exceptions? If so: Are unwaivable Users Rights a way forward?
- Do authors need special contractual protection? If so: Should protection be provided in IP law or general contract law? Is this protection needed in any other area of IP?
On behalf of the Executive Committee, I invite you to submit an abstract not exceeding 350 words and with the author’s name, title and affiliation. You need not send a CV.
As ATRIP is an international organization we welcome the submission of proposals from around the world and care will be taken in the selection process to achieve global diversity as well as academic quality.
Scholars of all levels of experience are invited to submit proposals. Proposals received from ATRIP Members with no outstanding membership fee payment will be reviewed first.
Papers which were submitted for the Congress originally planned for 2020 may be resubmitted.
Proposals should be sent no later than 1 June 2021 to ATRIP’s President, Professor Jens Schovsbo, at the following address: email@example.com.
Notification of the outcome of the selection process will be sent in September 2021.
November 8th: 14.00 to 17.30 Copenhagen time
Opening remarks and introduction
Jens Schovsbo, President of ATRIP
Panel 1: A balanced approach to enforcement 14:10 – 15.10
Chair: Raquel Xalabarder, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Panel 2: External balancing tools 15:20 – 16:20
Chair: Daniel Gervais, Past President of ATRIP
Jorge Contreras: “Antisuit Injunctions in China: A new form of legal transplant?”
Patrick Juvet Lowé Gnintedem: “Compulsory Licensing for Export under the TRIPS Agreement: Balancing the Drawbacks?”
Panel 3: Internal balancing tools 16:30 – 17:30
Chair: Roberto Garza-Barbosa, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Manchikanti Padmavati: “’Use requirements’ of patent laws during pandemic – ‘litmus test’?”
Barbara Lauriat: “Jurisdictional Problems in Global FRAND Disputes”
November 9th: 8.00 to 11.30 Copenhagen time
Introduction to the sessions 8:00
Susy Frankel, Past President of ATRIP
Panel 4: (Re)balancing interests 8:10 – 9:10
Chair: Sang Jo
Panel 5: Enforcing IPR in a balanced way 9:20 – 10:20
Chair: Ida Madieha Bt. Abdul Ghani Azmi, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Panel 6: Balancing interests in contracts 10:30 – 11:30
Chair: Yahong Li, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
November 10th: 14.00 to 18.30 Copenhagen time
Introduction to the Day 14:00
Christophe Geiger, President Elect of ATRIP
Panel 7: Regulating authors’ contracts 14:10 – 15:10
Chair: Niva Elkin-Koren, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Felipe Alvarez Amezquita: “Limiting freedom of contract, next step for Copyright Treaties?”
Panel 8: IPR and on-line use 15:20 – 16:20
Chair: Nari Lee, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Orit Fischman-Afori: “Online intermediaries as Hybrid Bodies: The Case of Infringing Content Monitoring”
Panel 9: IPR governance systems 16:30 – 17:30
Chair: Martin Senftleben, Member of ATRIP’s Executive Committee
Alexander Peukert: “Transnational Intellectual Property Governance on the Internet”
Duncan Matthews: “The Patent Governance of Human Genome Editing”
Ewa Laskowska-Litak: “UX-designed copyright law”
Closing Remarks 17:45
Jens Schovsbo, President of ATRIP
ATRIP Assembly 18:00
Amezquita, Felipe Alvarez: Adjunkt ved University of Tolima, Colombia
Brown, Abbe: Professor i intellektuel ejendomsret ved University of Aberdeen
Calboli, Irene: Professor i jura ved Texas A&M University School of Law og senior stipendiat ved Melbourne Law School
Contreras, Jorge: Professor i jura ved University of Utah SJ Quinney College of Law og adjungeret professor ved Institut for Human Genetik ved University of Utah School of Medicine
Denoncourt, Janice: Lektor i jura ved Nottingham Law School
Eidsvold-Tøien, Irina: Lektor ved Handelshøjskolen BI
Elkin-Koren, Niva: Professor i jura ved Tel Aviv University Juridisk fakultet og fakultetsassistent ved Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society ved Harvard University
Fischman-Afori, Orit: Professor i jura ved Haim Striks juridiske fakultet, Management College, Israel
Frankel, Susy: Professor og formand i intellektuel ejendomsret og international handel, Juridisk fakultet ved Victoria University of Wellington
Garza-Barbosa, Roberto: Professor i intellektuel ejendomsret og private internationale retssager ved Tecnologico de Monterrey og medlem af ATRIPs forretningsudvalg
Geiger, Christophe: Professor i jura og tidligere direktør for forskningsafdelingen ved Center for Internationale Intellektuelle Ejendomsstudier ved universitetet i Strasbourg
Gervais, Daniel: Professor og direktør for Vanderbilt Intellectual Property Program ved Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
Hsu, Hsiao-Fen: Lektor ved National Cheng Kung University Department of Law, Taiwan
Hua, Jerry Jie: Ph.D. og adjunkt ved Tongji University (Shanghai International College of Intellectual Property)
Jo, Sang: Professor i jura ved Seoul National University School of Law
Kariyawasam, Kanchana: Ph.D. og universitetslektor, Griffith Business School
Kokoulina, Olga: Postdoc ved Center for Information og Innovationsret, Københavns Universitet
Laskowska-Litak, Ewa: Adjungeret adjunkt ved Jagiellonian University i Kraków
Lauriat, Barbara: Doctor of Law og universitetslektor ved King's College London, stipendiat ved Oxford Intellectual Property Research Center i University of Oxford Law Faculty og adjungeret professor ved fakultetet i Notre Dame London Law Center
Lee, Nari: Professor ved Institut for Handelsret ved Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki Finland
Li, Yahong: Lektor ved University of Hong Kong
Lowé Gnintedem, Patrick Juvet: Lektor i jura ved Dschang School of Law and Political Science, University of Dschang, Cameroun
Madeiha Bt. Abdul Ghani Azmi, Ida: Professor ved det internationale islamiske universitet Malaysia Gombak Campus
Matthews, Duncan: Professor i intellektuel ejendomsret, Queen Mary Intellectual Property Research Institute, Center for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London
Nusrullah, Saad: Partner hos Hamayuns Legal & IP Consultants
Olwan, Rami: Adjunkt ved University of Southern Queensland, Brisbane Australien
Padmavati, Manchikanti: Dekan og professor ved Raijv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, Indien
Peukert, Alexander: Professor i civil- og handelsret ved Goethe -universitetet Frankfurt am Main
Rademacher, Christoph: Professor i jura ved Waseda University School of Law, Tokyo, Japan
Rognstad, Ole-Andreas: Professor ved Institut for Privatret, Universitetet i Oslo
Rub, Guy A .: Professor ved Moritz College of Law ved Ohio State University
Rutenberg, Isaac: Lektor og direktør ved Center for IP- og IT -lov ved Strathmore University
Schovsbo, Jens: Professor ved Center for Information og Innovationsret, Københavns Universitet, og formand for ATRIP
Senftleben, Martin: Professor i intellektuel ejendomsret og direktør, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Sharma, Seemantani: PhD i jura kandidat ved University of Technology Sydney
Tyagi, Kalpana: Adjunkt i intellektuel ejendomsret og konkurrenceret i European and International Law Department, Maastricht University
Wiseman, Leanne: Professor i jura ved Griffith University, Australien, ARC Future Fellow, lektor Kanchana Kariyawasam, Griffith University, Australien
Xalabarder, Raquel: Professor og direktør for afdelingen for lov og statsvidenskab ved det åbne universitet i Catalonien
Xiang, Joy. Y .: Lektor i jura ved Peking University, School of Transnational Law
Yu, Peter K .: Regents Professor i lov og kommunikation og direktør ved Center for Law and Intellectual Property ved Texas A&M University School of Law
Yu, Yang: Lektor, Handelshøjskolen, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics
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