Dr. Watson, I Presume? Ethical and Legal Challenges of AI-Driven Health Care (forthcoming)

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningfagfællebedømt

This chapter will map the ethical and legal challenges posed by artificial intelligence (AI) in health care and suggest directions for resolving them. Section 1 will briefly clarify what AI is and Section 2 will give an idea of the trends and strategies in the United States (U.S.) and Europe, thereby tailoring the discussion to the ethical and legal debate of AI-driven health care. This will be followed in Section 3 by a discussion of four primary ethical challenges, namely (1) informed consent to use, (2) safety and transparency, (3) algorithmic fairness and biases, and (4) data privacy. Section 4 will then analyze five legal challenges in the U.S. and Europe: (1) safety and effectiveness, (2) liability, (3) data protection and privacy, (4) cybersecurity, and (5) intellectual property law. Finally, Section 5 will summarize the major conclusions and especially emphasize the importance of building an AI-driven health care system that is successful and promotes trust and the motto “Health AIs for All of Us”.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence (AI), ethical challenges, U.S. and EU law, safety and effectiveness, data protection and privacy
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelArtificial Intelligence in Healthcare
RedaktørerAdam Bohr, Kaveh Memarzadeh
Antal sider60
ForlagElsevier
Udgave1
ISBN (Trykt)9780128184387
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2020

ID: 214518711