Staff at CECS - Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies – University of Copenhagen

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Graham Butler

Graham Butler

Guest researcher

  • Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies

    Karen Blixens Plads 16, 2300 København S, Søndre Campus, Building: 6A-4-41

    Phone: +45 35 32 05 70

Dr. Graham Butler (B.A., LL.M., Ph.D.) is Assistant Professor of Law at Aarhus University, Denmark, and a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. 

His main research interests includes European Union law, EU constitutional law, external relations law, and European integration.

His website is www.grahambutler.eu

 

Publications

Thesis

Butler, Graham 'Constitutional Limits of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy', (2016) University of Copenhagen and University of Iceland, Joint PhD Degree. 

Special Issues

Butler, Graham; Jensen, Mads Dagnis; Snaith, Holly (eds), ‘British Exit from the EU: Legal and Political Implications’ (Debate Section), (2016) 23 (9) Journal of European Public Policy, 1278-1328.  

Book Chapters

Butler, Graham 'United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)', Research Handbook on the EU's Engagement with International Organisations (Wessel, Ramses A.; Odermatt, Jed (eds), Research Handbooks in European Law, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, 2018). 

Butler, Graham 'Pre-Ratification Judicial Review of International Agreements to be concluded by the European Union', The Court of Justice of the European Union: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (Lindholm, Johan; Derlén, Mattias (eds), Swedish Studies in European Law, Hart Publishing: Oxford, 2017). 

Butler, Graham 'Legal and Political Approaches to European Solidarity', Global and European Issues of Solidarity  (Petersen, Hanne; Krunke, Helle; Manners, Ian (eds), 2017).  

Butler, Graham The European Union and Diplomatic Law: An Emerging Actor in Twenty-First Century Diplomacy, Diplomatic Law in a New Millennium, (Behrens, Paul (ed), Oxford University Press, 2017). ISBN: 978-0-19-879594-0. 

Butler, Graham; Jensen, Mads Dagnis 'Storbritanniens had-kærlighedsforhold til Den Europæiske Union' (The United Kingdom's Love-Hate Relationship with the European Union), Politologisk Årbog 2016-2017 (Political Science Yearbook 2016-2017) (Grøn, Caroline Howard) (ed), Hans Reitzels Forlag: Copenhagen, 2017). ISBN: 978-87-412-6980-1. 

Journal Articles

Butler, Graham; Sadl, Urska 'The Preliminaries of a Reference', (2017) 42 European Law Review, forthcoming. 

Butler, Graham 'A Question of Jurisdiction: Art. 267 TFEU Preliminary References of a CFSP Nature', (2017) 2 (1) European Papers, 201-208. 

Butler, Graham 'Attacking or Defending? Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice in the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy', (2016) 19 (4) Europarättslig Tidskrift (Swedish European Law Journal), 671-684. 

Butler, Graham; Ratcovich, Martin 'Operation Sophia in Uncharted Waters: European and International Law Challenges for the EU Naval Mission in the Mediterranean Sea', (2016) 85 (3) Nordic Journal of International Law, 235-259.

Butler, Graham; Jensen, Mads Dagnis; Snaith, Holly '‘Slow change may pull us apart’: debating a British exit from the European Union', in Butler, Graham; Jensen, Mads Dagnis; Snaith, Holly (eds), ‘British Exit from the EU: Legal and Political Implications’ (Debate Section), (2016) 23 (9) Journal of European Public Policy, 1278-1284. 

Butler, Graham A new means of dissemination for doctoral research in Danish legal education, (2016) 39 (1/152) Retfaerd (Nordic Journal of Law and Justice), 88-95.

Butler, Graham 'The Ultimate Stumbling Block? The Common Foreign and Security Policy, and Accession of the European Union to the European Convention on Human Rights', (2016) 39 (1) Dublin University Law Journal, 229-244. 

Butler, Graham Pinpointing the appropriate legal basis for external action, (2015) 6 (2) European Journal of Risk Regulation, 323-328.

Butler, Graham A Political Decision Disguised as Legal Argument? Opinion 2/13 and European Union Accession to the European Convention on Human Rights, (2015) 31 (81) Utrecht Journal of International and European Law, 104–111.

Butler, Graham The Interparliamentary Conference on the CFSP/CSDP: A new forum for the Oireachtas in Irish and EU foreign policy?, (2015) 26 Irish Studies in International Affairs, 163-186.

Butler, Graham Not a "real" Common Travel Area: Pachero v Minister for Justice and Equality, (2015) 54 Irish Jurist, 155-164.  

Butler, Graham The Road to a Court of Appeal—Part I: History and Constitutional Amendment, (2015) 33 (14) Irish Law Times, 208-211.

Butler, Graham The Road to a Court of Appeal—Part II: Distinguishing Features and Establishment, (2015) 33 (15) Irish Law Times, 222-226.

Encyclopedia Entries

Butler, Graham Chamber of Deputies, (2017) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, (Grote, Rainer; Lachenmann, Frauke; Wolfrum, Rüdiger (eds), Oxford University Press, 2017), (forthcoming).

Literature Reviews

Butler, Graham 'A Transatlantic Community of Law: Legal Perspectives on the Relationship between the EU and US Legal Orders', edited by Elaine Fahey and Deirdre Curtin, Cambridge University Press, 2014', (2017) 55 (1) Journal of Common Market Studies, 160-161. 

Butler, Graham 'The European Court of Justice and External Relations Law: Constitutional Challenges', edited by Marise Cremona and Anne Thies, Hart Publishing, 2014', (2016) 9 (1) European Journal of Legal Studies, 310-316. 

Butler, Graham EU International Relations Law: Second Edition', by Panos Koutrakos, Hart Publishing, 2015’, (2015), 21 (4) European Public Law, 788-790.

Butler, Graham EU External Relations Law: Text, Cases and Materials by Bart Van Vooren and Ramses A. Wessel, Cambridge University Press, 2014, (2014), 14 (2) Romanian Journal of European Affairs, 81–85.

Butler, Graham The Irish Presidency: Power, Ceremony and Politics edited John Coakley and Kevin Rafter, Irish Academic Press, 2013, (2015) 30 (1) Irish Political Studies, 145-147.

Legislative Bills

Butler, Graham; Richmond, Neale 'Councillor Remuneration Bill 2016', (2016) Seanad Éireann (Senate), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). (forthcoming) 

Butler, Graham; Rock, Noel 'Central Bank (Supervision and Enforcement) (Amendment) Bill 2016', (2016) Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). Edition 25. ISBN: 978-1-4468-3413-8. 

Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Flanagan, Terence Freedom of Movement (Common Travel Area) (Travel Documentation) Bill 2014, (2014) 50 Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). Edition 50. ISBN: 978-1-4468-0731-6. 

Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Doyle, Andrew Electoral (Amendment) (Hours of Polling) Bill 2013, (2013) 95 Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament of Ireland). Edition 95. ISBN: 978-1-4468-0500-8. 

Magazines

Butler, Graham 'Challenging and Questioning the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union: Is it time to go?', (2016) Curious - Urios Magazine (Utrecht Study Association for International and European Law), Issue 2, 12-13. 

Blog Posts

Butler, Graham 'Et spørgsmål om kompetence: Artikel 267 TEUF præjudiciel forelæggelse af FUSP-karakter', (2017) Rule of Law, Denmark (Mchangama, Jacob; Henriksen, Anders (eds)).

Butler, Graham 'H v Council: Another Court breakthrough in the Common Foreign and Security Policy', (2016) EU Law Analysis (Peers, Steve (ed)). 

Butler, Graham 'Voting in European Union referendums: A Neighbour’s Experience', (2016) European Union Law Blog of the King's Students Law Review. 

Posters

Butler, Graham The European Union at the United Nations General Assembly—A future on the East River?, Queen Mary Postgraduate Legal Research Conference, Queen Mary University of London, 2014.

Reports

Butler, Graham Review of Foreign Policy and External Relations: Parliamentary oversight, involvement and input into a renewed Irish foreign policy, (2014) Policy paper for the Oireachtas (Parliament) Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs and Trade. 

Media

Butler, Graham 'Religious symbols at work? The headscarf judgments from the Court of Justice', Datolinjen w/ Anne Sofie Allarp, Radio24syv, national radio, Denmark, 14 March 2017.

Butler, Graham 'European Union law or national law? CJEU judgment in X and X', Datolinjen w/ Anne Sofie Allarp, Radio24syv, national radio, Denmark, 7 March 2017. 

Butler, Graham 'Leaving Leinster House to teach EU law in Denmark' The Irish Times, 25 January 2017. 

Butler, Graham 'Danish politics and minority governments', The Right Hook with Shane Coleman, Newstalk, 28 April 2016. 

Conferences / Presentations

Butler, Graham; Fabbrini, Federico (convenors), Legal Disintegration in the European Union, International Conference, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 15-16 March 2018.

Butler, Graham, (convenor and discussant) The preliminary ruling procedure in a changing environment: A view from the European Court of Justice (by Judge Allan Rosas, Court of Justice of the European Union) European Courts in Changing Times, Department of Law, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark, 13 October 2017.

Butler, Graham, Palpable Choices in Judicial Jurisdiction: Foreign Affairs, the Court of Justice, and European Union law, ICON·S (International Society of Public Law) 2017 Annual Conference: Courts, Power, Public Law, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 7 July 2017. 

Butler, Graham, (mock jury judge) Hugo Sinzheimer Moot Court Competition, Kammeradvokaten / Advokatfirmaet Poul Schmith, Copenhagen, Denmark, 9 June 2017. 

Butler, Graham, Common Foreign and Security Policy through a Preliminary Reference: A Jurisdictional Dilemma, Current Issues of EU External Relations series, The European Union as Global International Actor and the Question of Competence, Robert Schuman Institute of European Affairs, Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (Faculté de Droit, d'Économie et de Finance), University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 29 May 2017.

Butler, Graham, The Cat That Didn't Scratch: Beyond Parliamentarism for the law of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy, The European Union's Interparliamentary Conferences: Between Theory and Practice, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli (LUISS), Rome, Italy, 15 May 2017.

Butler, Graham, Solidarity: A contributor to imposed constitutionalism in a supranational setting?, Imposed Constitutions: Aspects of imposed constitutionalism, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus, 5-6 May 2017. 

Butler, Graham, (discussant) Brexit and EU Treaty Reform: A Window of Opportunity? (by Federico Fabbrini), Beyond Brexit: relaunching the EU?, The Law and Politics of Brexit: Constitutional Challenges in Regional and European Perspectives, Dublin City University and The Honorable Society of King's Inns, Dublin, Ireland, 21 April 2017. 

Butler, Graham, The Anglo-Danish-Irish Judicial Connection: Mackenzie Stuart, Sørensen, and Ó Dálaigh, and the early days at the Court of Justice of the European Communities​, Ireland and the EU Lecture, Seminar Series in Irish Studies Spring 2017, hosted by the Centre for Irish Studies, School of Communication and Culture, Aarhus University; the Embassy of Ireland, Denmark; and the English Lecture Society, Aarhus, Denmark, 5 April 2017.

Butler, Graham, Article 50 TEU triggered: What's next?, Europæisk Ungdom Aarhus, Den Danske Europabevægelse (Danish European Movement), Aarhus University, Denmark, 28 March 2017. 

Butler, Graham, Diplomatic Relations of the EU in a legal context, Diplomatic Law Seminar, Edinburgh Law School, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 14 March 2017. 

Butler, Graham, Constitutional Limits of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (Forfatningsmæssige begrænsninger for EU’s fælles udenrigs- og sikkerhedspolitik), (opponents: Bart Van Vooren, Ramses A. Wessel, Robert Schütze), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 24 February 2017. 

Butler, Graham, Detecting Fraud: The Framework for Preliminary References to the Court of Justice, European Union Law and International Law Research Group, Department of Law, Aarhus University, Denmark, 19 December 2016. 

Butler, Graham, The Role of the Court of Justice of the European Union in External Relations, Understanding the European Court of Justice: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Stockholm University, Sweden, 8 December 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Parliament and the Legal Basis Conundrum in EU Foreign Policy, European Law Research Group (Forskargruppen för Europarätt), Faculty of Law (Juridiska fakulteten), Uppsala University, Sweden, 6 December 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Networking in Academia and beyond, Doctoral School of Business and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 December 2016. 

Butler, Graham; Ó Cathaoir, Katharina, International PhD Researchers in Denmark, Doctoral Education in Law: Perspectives and Challenges, Danish Legal Research Education Programme (JurForsk) Conference, Folketinget (Danish Parliament), Copenhagen, Denmark, 10 November 2016. 

Butler, Graham, A Union under pressure: Fracturing uniformity, and the continued quest of European integration, EURECO Distinguished Lecture Series - 'European Futures', University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 9 November 2016.

Butler, Graham, The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Common Security and Defence Policy, EU International Relations Law: The External Dimension of European Integration, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 8 November 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Legal Withdrawal from the EU: Scope for the involvement of the Court of Justice, Brexit: New Research Agendas, 40th Anniversary Conference Danish Society for European Studies (DSE) / Danish European Community Studies Association (ECSA-DK), Renationalisation of European Politics?, Centre for European Politics (CEP), University of Copenhagen and Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen, Denmark, 6 October 2016. 

Butler, Graham, The laws of post-EU membership: will the United Kingdom go it alone?, Brexit and Challenged Democracies: Europe in Crisis seminar series, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 22 September 2016. 

Butler, Graham, The EU’s constructed legal order: Rupturing at the edges, or shattering from within?, Svenska Nätverket för Europarättsforskning – Europarättsdagar (Swedish Network for European Legal Studies – European Law Days Workshop), Örebro, Sweden, 23 August 2016.

Butler, Graham, Evaluation Seminar: The European Union and External Relations: A Legal Perspective of the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 10 June 2016. 

Ballaschk, Julia; Butler, Graham, Brexit: The New Settlement, Withdrawal and Alternatives to Union Membership, Ventres Ungdom (Youth of the Danish Liberal Party), Copenhagen, Denmark, 31 May 2016.

Butler, Graham; Duquet, Sanderijn, Sailing close to the wind? The European Union and Diplomatic Interference, Legal Aspects of Diplomatic Interference, School of Law, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 27 May 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Alternatives to EU Membership: Legal and Political Realities, Britain - In or Out of the EU: Impact for Businesses, British Chamber of Commerce in Denmark and Dansk Erhverv (Confederation of Danish Enterprise), Danish Stock Exchange, Copenhagen, Denmark, 23 May 2016.

Butler, Graham, EU External Relations Law, Occasional Seminar Series, Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, Finland, 13 April 2016.

Butler, Graham, The European Union’s Human Rights System, Case Study: Terrorism, International Human Rights Law, Danish National Research Foundation's Centre of Excellence for International Courts (iCourts), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 6 April 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Withdrawing from the European Union: The Legal Process, Advanced Comparative Politics, Department of Society and Globalisation / Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark, 17 March 2016. 

Butler, Graham, The Common Travel Area as the EU's Other Border-Free Zone: A Tale of History, Law, and Treaty Opt-Out, Edinburgh Europa Research Group, Europa Institute, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 9 March 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Democracy in the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy? A Legal Approach, Centre for European and Eurasian Studies, Maynooth University (National University of Ireland, Maynooth) (NUIM), Maynooth, Kildare, Ireland, 2 March 2016. 

Butler, Graham, Current Issues in Diplomacy and Diplomatic Law, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland, 26 October 2015.

Butler, Graham, Breaking the wall of EU External Relations Law, Falling Walls Lab, Aarhus University, Denmark, 6 October 2015.

Butler, Graham; Giødesen Thystrup, Amalie, Your new playground! Being a PhD Fellow at KU JUR, PhD Introduction Course for new students, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 5 October 2015.

Butler, Graham, The Court of Justice as a defender of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy, Svenska Nätverket för Europarättsforskning – Europarättsdagar (Swedish Network for European Legal Studies – European Law Days Workshop), Umeå University, Sweden, 20-21 August 2015.

Butler, Graham; Barrett, Gavin, Europe’s Other Border-Free Zone: The Common Travel Area between Ireland and the United Kingdom, 22nd International Conference of Europeanists, Council for European Studies, Sciences Po, Paris, France, 8-10 July 2015.

Butler, Graham, Europe's Other Border-Free Zone: the Common Travel Area between Ireland and the United Kingdom, UCD Sutherland School of Law Research Seminar Series, University College Dublin, Ireland, 22 April 2015.

Butler, Graham, Britain in the EU? General Election outcomes (chair), British Exit from the EU? Legal and Political Implications for Europe (organiser), European Research at the University of Copenhagen (EURECO), Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies and the Centre for European Politics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 16 April 2015.

Butler, Graham, (organiser) British Exit from the EU? Legal and Political Implications for Europe, European Research at the University of Copenhagen (EURECO), Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies and the Centre for European Politics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 16 April 2015.

Butler, Graham, EU accession to the ECHR: The impasse of the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Cross Faculty EU Constitutional Law Network Seminar, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 10 April 2015.

Butler, Graham, (chair) The role of the European External Action Service: Ambassador of the European Union to Iceland with Matthias Brinkmann, Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland, 25 March 2015.

Butler, Graham, (organiser) University of Copenhagen Postgraduate Law Conference 2015, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 29-30 January 2015.

Butler, Graham, (chair) The European Court of Human Rights in the Age of Subsidiarity with Judge Robert Spano, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 29 January 2015.

Butler, Graham, (organiser) PhD Network Workshop, Danish European Community Studies Association, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 17 December 2014.

Butler, Graham, (chair) Challenges to Modern Diplomatic Law with Paul Behrens, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 4 December 2014.

Butler, Graham, (chair) EU External Relations in practice with Bart Van Vooren, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 18 December 2014.

Butler, Graham; Ballaschk, Julia, PhD Introduction Course for new students, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, 28 September 2014.

Butler, Graham, The EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy, Parliament and the Law, Danish European Community Studies Association Annual Conference, Aarhus University, Denmark, 25-26 September 2014.

Butler, Graham, Delegations of the European Union and compatibilities with International Diplomatic Law, 50 Years of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, 3-5 September 2014.

Butler, Graham, (poster presentation) The European Union at the United Nations General Assembly – A future on the East River?, Fifth Annual Queen Mary University of London Postgraduate Legal Research Conference, Queen Mary, University of London, United Kingdom, 5 June 2014.

Butler, Graham, The Interparliamentary Conference on the CFSP/CSDP: still finding its feet?, Political Studies Association of Ireland: 2014 Postgraduate Conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 16 May 2014.

Butler, Graham, Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Law: The role of Parliaments, PhD Roundtable, Centre for Comparative and European Constitutional Studies, Faculty of Law, Copenhagen, Denmark, 6 May 2014.

Butler, Graham, The Constitutional Position of the EU at the United Nations General Assembly: A Real Future Actor in International Security?, 42nd European Consortium for Political Research Joint Sessions of Workshops, University of Salamanca, Spain, 10-15 April 2014.

Butler, Graham, The European Union at the United Nations General Assembly – A future on the East River?, Postgraduate Research Conference 2014: The Challenges for Legal Thought in a Contemporary Society, Newcastle Law School, Newcastle University, United Kingdom, 3-4 April 2014.

Butler, Graham, Parliamentary oversight, involvement and input into a renewed Irish foreign policy, Review of Foreign Policy and External Relation, Oireachtas Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs and Trade, Houses of the Oireachtas (Parliament), Dublin, Ireland, 16 January 2014. 

www.grahambutler.eu

Teaching

EU International Relations Law: The External Dimension of European Integration

The Law of the EU's External and International Relations: An Introduction

Diplomacy and Diplomatic Law

International Diplomatic Law

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