CECS > Ph.d.-emner
Information på engelsk:
Perceptions of democracy in the EU
European treaties often refer to democracy as a concept and a value. Democracy is listed as one of the values of the European Union in the Treaty on a European Union (TEU), art. 2. The EU Charter of Human Rights, now part of TEU (art. 6), states that the European Union builds on the principle of democracy in its preamble. The European Convention of Human Rights refers to an effective political democracy in its preamble. However, do we have a common perception of democracy in Europe? The purpose of this project is twofold. Thus, in the first part of the project a comparative study of perceptions of democracy in different representative parts of Europe will be performed by grouping and studying their national constitutions and practice related to it. The second part of the project aims at studying which perception/perceptions of democracy is/are the dominant one(s) at the EU level through studying legal material such as EU treaties, legislation and judgments. Together the two studies can reveal which effect different perceptions of democracy in Europe have on EU integration at the EU level as well as on the national level. This way the project combines comparative constitutional studies as well as a study of EU integration. The project will naturally draw on different theories on democracy.
Contact: Professor Helle Krunke
A comparative study of constitutional review in different legal systems
The aim of this project is with the Danish experience as the starting point to perform a comparative analysis of constitutional review in 1) other Nordic countries and the United Kingdom which all have strong parliamentarian systems and constitutional review based on a non-written clause, 2) the Dutch and the Swiss systems where the constitution expressly limits the power of the Courts when a bill is approved by Parliament and 3) systems with strong Constitutional Courts like Germany, Greece, Japan, Spain, Portugal or Italy where there is no limitation to constitutional review. On this background multiple issues like for instance judicial activism, democratic quality, separation of powers and questions of sovereignty can be discussed.
Contact: Professor Antoni Abat Ninet
Plural legal cultures in European border regions
Europe has seen reconstitutionalizations of empires, states and unions for centuries. Certain areas have during history belonged to different countries and jurisdictions. During the last decades processes of devolution have been going on in different parts of Europe. The purpose of this project is to study the consequences for contemporary legal cultures of a heritage of plural forms of living law in Europe as well as future perspectives for normative perceptions and practices.
Contact: Professor Hanne Petersen