Elisa Maria Faustinelli
JUR Juridisk Ph.d.-uddannelse
Karen Blixens Plads 16, 2300 København S, Søndre Campus, Bygning: 6A-3-05
Multi-sided platforms in EU Competition Law enforcement
This Ph.D. project intends to analyse the enforcement of EU competition law in multi-sided platforms. Competition Authorities appear reluctant to take into due account the main economic features of multi-sided platforms, such as indirect network effects, price structure and the presence of two groups of consumers. Instead, they tend to recur to traditional and more familiar one-sided legal concepts, evidencing a limited economic understanding of these platforms and developing a seriously inconsistent case law. This lack of clarity in the enforcement of Competition Law affects legal certainty, but also have far-reaching consequences in terms of competition policy goals (e.g. consumer welfare) and strategies. The project will explore the relevant case law so as to provide an illustration of how EU Competition Law has been enforced in these markets so far. In addition, it will identify practical enforcement issues, discussing whether traditional one-sided legal concepts need to be revised in light of the specific features of multi-sided platforms. In doing so, it ultimately aims to develop a better understanding of how EU Competition Law should be enforced when multi-sided platforms are at issue.